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Angela R. Davis, Charles L. Webber III, Wayne W. Fish, Todd C. Wehner, Stephen King, and Penelope Perkins-Veazie

calibration mixture. The physiological amino acids, L-citrulline, L-glutamine, L-asparagine, and γ-aminobutyric acid (all purchased from Sigma-Aldrich), were quantitatively prepared individually and as a mixture. The suspected identity of L-citrulline in

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Lijian Liang, Yanming Deng, Xiaobo Sun, Xinping Jia, and Jiale Su

life but also reduce the economic loss. Previously, the application of exogenous SA and γ-aminobutyric acid for improving the CI tolerance in anthurium has been studied ( Aghdam et al., 2015 ; Promyou et al., 2012 ). Here, the beneficial effects of

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Fang Yu, Zhiming Ni, Xingfeng Shao, Lina Yu, Hongxing Liu, Feng Xu, and Hongfei Wang

methods for reducing it. One important contributing factor may be the accumulation of ROS, which destroy membrane systems and induce CI development ( Lukatkin et al., 2012 ). Yang et al. (2011) found that γ-aminobutyric acid enhanced the activities of

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Xinhua Zhang, Fujun Li, Nana Ji, Shujun Shao, Dongyang Wang, Ling Li, and Fansheng Cheng

by regulating proline and γ-aminobutyric acid contents Food Chem. 133 1466 1470 Cao, S.F. Zheng, Y.H. Wang, K.T. Jin, P. Rui, H.J. 2009 Methyl jasmonate reduces chilling injury and enhances antioxidant enzyme activity in postharvest loquat fruit Food

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Adam D. Karl, Michael G. Brown, Sihui Ma, Ann Sandbrook, Amanda C. Stewart, Lailiang Cheng, Anna Katharine Mansfield, and Gregory M. Peck

-glutamine, γ-aminobutyric acid, and L-asparagine (Sigma-Aldrich) dissolved in 0.1 N HCl. The working standard contained 0.25 m m L-alanine, L-arginine, L-aspartic acid, L-glutamic acid, L-glycine, L-histidine, L-isoleucine, L-leucine, L-lysine, L-methionine, L

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Adam D. Karl, Michael G. Brown, Sihui Ma, Ann Sandbrook, Amanda C. Stewart, Lailiang Cheng, Anna Katharine Mansfield, and Gregory M. Peck

internal standard of L-(+)-norvaline (Acros Organics, NJ) to a final concentration of 2.5 m m . A working standard was made of Waters Amino Acid Hydrolysate Standard, and four stock solutions of –norvaline, L-glutamine, γ-aminobutyric acid, and L

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Xi Shan, Heng Zhou, Ting Sang, Sheng Shu, Jin Sun, and Shirong Guo

Arabidopsis thaliana , thermospermine plays a crucial role in plant growth and development ( Kim et al., 2014 ). Polyamine degradation by diamine oxidase produces pyrroline and may also generate γ-aminobutyric acid, followed by ammonia oxidation inducing

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Verónica De Luca, Diego Gómez de Barreda, Antonio Lidón, and Cristina Lull

damage by exogenous application of a non-protein amino acid γ–aminobutyric acid on perennial ryegrass J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 138 358 366 López-Bucio, J. Pelagio-Flores, R. Herrera-Estrella, A. 2015 Trichoderma as biostimulant: Exploiting the multilevel

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Hyungmin Rho, Paul Colaizzi, James Gray, Li Paetzold, Qingwu Xue, Bhimanagouda Patil, and Charles Rush

was lower than the national reference of 1186 µg/g FW, but the β-carotene content was greater than the reference of 5.61 µg/g FW ( Table 5 ). Furthermore, a few amino acids, γ-aminobutyric acid, isoleucine, and leucine, were greater in HT fruits

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Suping Zhou, Roger J. Sauvé, Zong Liu, Sasikiran Reddy, Sarabjit Bhatti, Simon D. Hucko, Tara Fish, and Theodore W. Thannhauser

-adenosylhomocysteinase. Glutamate decarboxylase or glutamic acid decarboxylase is an enzyme in the γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) shunt contributing to the carbon: nitrogen balance. GABA is a metabolite produced in response to stress; it is also used as a signal molecule to activate