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Monica Ozores-Hampton

structure, increase soil organic matter (SOM) and fertility, retain moisture, prevent leaching of nutrients, decrease soil density, suppress weeds, increase population of beneficial insects, control erosion, manage plant-parasitic nematodes, increase soil

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Daniel Oscar Pereira Soares, Karla Gabrielle Dutra Pinto, Laís Alves da Gama, Carla Coelho Ferreira, Prasanta C. Bhowmik, and Sônia Maria Figueiredo Albertino

, in general, demand long periods of time, thus, the use of cover plants to improve these properties may demand several years. However, it is possible to find studies in which cover species were responsible for the decrease of soil density and for the

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David R. Bryla, Thomas J. Trout, and James E. Ayars

in the top 2.5 m ( Nielsen et al., 1973 ). The soil was carefully removed in 0.3-m increments during excavation for the lysimeters and repacked in the soil tanks and around the enclosures at approximately the same depth and soil density as the

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Charlie L. Rohwer

; Kelley and Phatak, 2009 ; Smetanka, 2017; Thompson, 2017). Especially on fine-textured mineral soils (not sandy or peat/muck), it is reasonable to assume that raised beds reduce compaction and soil density where the taproot grows. In addition, raised beds

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Roland Ebel

( Martínez, 2004 ). Soils Chinampa soils are cumullic anthrosols. Clay textures are most common. Gray tones dominate when soils are dry, and black tones dominate when soils are wet. The soil density diminishes with depth, mainly because of higher OM content

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Fengyun Zhao, Junli Sun, Songlin Yu, Huaifeng Liu, and Kun Yu

refers to soil bulk density (1.40 g·cm −3 ); ρ s refers to the soil density, 2.65 g·cm −3 ; and n is the number of gas injection boxes, 15. According to this formula, the single minimum injection rate was 520.3 L. Considering the dispersion effect and

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Yingqian Lin, Alexa R. Wilson, and Pascal Nzokou

have been associated with competition for moisture caused by groundcover that can induce excessive absorption of soil moisture ( Pedersen et al., 2009 ). Effect on soil density and nitrate-N fertility. Soil mineral nitrate-N concentrations were

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Kayla Snyder, Amanda Grant, Christopher Murray, and Bryon Wolff

observed insulation rather than overall warming could be trapped air between the soil and film which limits transfer of heat, or increased moisture that acted to mediate temperature change. That each row had a consistent soil density and film tension would