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Daniel J. Cantliffe

Seed germination is a critical step to achieve economic success in a transplant operation. Total germination of a seed lot dictates total plant sales by the producer, while uniformity of germination dictates the quality of the transplant crop. Using high vigor seed will help to achieve uniform stands, as well as maximize stands, in the transplant house or field. In order to maintain the highest seed quality, transplant producers should store unused seeds at recommended temperature and relative humidity for the crop species. Methods to promote uniformity and optimum stands under a wide range of conditions include the use of seed priming, film coating with fungicides, and pelleting for ease of planting.

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Carlos De la Cuadra, Alexis K. Vidal, Susana Lefimil, and Leví Mansur

commercially available in Chile, Japan, Holland, the United States, and others ( Olate and Schiappacasse, 2013 ). The understanding of seed germination, growth, and development is important for breeding purposes and sexual propagation of these species as an

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Robyn L. Cave, Colin J. Birch, Graeme L. Hammer, John E. Erwin, and Margaret E. Johnston

on seed germination of this species and of Calandrinia sp. B. australis flowers naturally in spring to early summer from September to December, producing blue inflorescences on long slender stalks ( Carolin, 1992 ; Stanley and Ross, 1986 ). This

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Juan Carlos Diaz-Perez, W. Keith Jenkins, Dharmalingam Pitchay, and Gunawati Gunawan

For premium quality transplant production, it is critical to provide balanced and complete nutrition before and after seed germination. In organic production systems, nutrient management is complex and variable, unlike in inorganic production

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Anderson Machado de Mello, Nereu Augusto Streck, Erin E. Blankenship, and Ellen T. Paparozzi

not readily available, seedlings could be screened and then selected for stock plant production. However, seeds of many Penstemon species possess a dormancy that limits seed germination. As a result, individual germination requirements vary widely

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Jia Liu, Tingting Xue, and Yongbao Shen

seeds are light-induced seeds with physiologic dormancy, and their dormancy can be broken by gibberellic acid (GA 3 ), cold stratification, and dry storage ( Liu et al., 2017 ). We have tested the seed germination of three species of Paulownia [empress

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Tong Zhang, Yingjie Yan, Chuantong Li, Junmei Liu, Dongxue Yin, Xiangying Xiong, Wei Liu, and Yueqin Yang

of the elegant flowers and straight tree trunk. Seed germination and seedling establishment occupied an important position in the whole life history of plant, which is the interaction result caused by the internal and external factors ( Wang, 2006

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Derald A. Harp, Cheng Chen, and Curtis Jones

seeding is generally poor unless special techniques, such as hydromulch, are used ( McDavid, 2012 ). Seed germination requires an optimal range of environmental conditions, primarily concerning temperature and water availability, for germination

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Mohammed El-Sayed El-Mahrouk, Yaser Hassan Dewir, and Salah El-Hendawy

continuation of that research, the objective of the present study was to evaluate pure SGFW and different SGFW-based substrates as alternatives to coir and vermiculite for seed germination and seedling growth of ‘Mrs. Burns’ lemon basil. Materials and methods

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Benjamin K. Hoover

testing biochar or other forms of PCM in seed propagation or plant establishment substrates has focused on ecological or field agricultural applications, as opposed to soilless substrate culture in containers. Seed germination studies with potato ( Solanum