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Robert Conway Hochmuth, Marina Burani-Arouca, and Charles Edward Barrett

(USDA, 2019b). Florida carrot production has primarily been for the fresh market, and the production area more than doubled between 2007 and 2017, totaling 1722 ha (USDA, 2019c). Florida carrots have historically been grown on high organic matter soils

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Shuresh Ghimire, Annette L. Wszelaki, Jenny C. Moore, Debra Ann Inglis, and Carol Miles

-treatment mulch and soil contamination. Seven subplot mulch treatments ( Table 1 ) were randomized within each main plot in 2015. At both locations, raised beds were 15–20 cm high and 0.8 m wide. Mulch was laid by machine (Model 2600 Bed Shaper; Rain

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Craig J. Frey, Xin Zhao, Jeffrey K. Brecht, Dustin M. Huff, and Zachary E. Black

vegetable production systems, where many disease and pest problems persist as a result of conducive environments. In Florida, root-knot nematodes ( Meloidogyne spp.) thrive in sandy soils under warm, moist conditions, but little is known regarding the

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Jayesh B. Samtani, Husein A. Ajwa, Rachael E. Goodhue, Oleg Daugovish, Zahanghir Kabir, and Steven A. Fennimore

). Improved retention of fumigants in soil under VIF also provides more opportunity for soil degradation of fumigants rather than release into the atmosphere ( Wang and Yates, 1998 ). Use of VIF as a tarp can reduce 1,3-D + Pic needed for effective soil

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Damon E. Abdi and R. Thomas Fernandez

infiltrating through the soil has the potential to transport dissolved compounds through soils. Substantial volumes of runoff are generated from irrigation falling between containers, precipitation, and container leachate, thus contributing to the removal of

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R. Kasten Dumroese, Douglass F. Jacobs, and Anthony S. Davis

operational cultural conditions, contamination of noninoculated seedlings may have occurred by windborne deposition of soil particles or through transfer by nursery workers, insect vectors, or precipitation/irrigation events. Low doses of fertilizer may

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Bernadine C. Strik and Amanda J. Vance

micronutrients based on periodic analyses of soil for pH and nutrients and leaf tissue annually ( Hart et al., 1992 , 2006 ; Krewer et al., 2007 ). Leaf sampling for determination of blueberry plant nutrient status is recommended for the most recent fully

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Dana Jokela and Ajay Nair

ended without incorporating residue into the soil, thus leaving a surface mulch into which the subsequent cash crop can be planted. Although much of this research has been conducted on agronomic crops, such as corn and soybeans, more research is needed

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Giorgio Gianquinto, Francesco Orsini, Paolo Sambo, and Matilde Paino D'Urzo

, as well as increased nitrate accumulation, susceptibility to diseases, and contributing to environmental contamination ( Chen et al., 2004 ; Crawford, 1995 ). Thus, several studies of crop N requirement have been carried out ( Kage et al., 2002

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James E. Altland, M. Gabriela Buamscha, and Donald A. Horneck

) determined the relationship between pH and nutrient availability in organic soils. They concluded that the ideal pH range (in terms of total nutrient availability) to be pH 5.5 to 5.8 for wood-sedge soils and pH 5.0 for sphagnum peat soils. They further