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Yingtao Ma, Mengmeng Zhao, Hongxia Wu, Congying Yuan, Huiyun Li, and Yanzhao Zhang

bagged with KB-P bags; however, fruit bagged with two types of bags had very little accumulated redness ( Fig. 2 ). Fig. 2. Effects of fruit bagging with different paper bags on the appearance of peaches. Control = normal light conditions; W

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Corina Serban and Lee Kalcsits

Washington Tree Fruit Research Commission (WTFRC) ‘Honeycrisp’ Background Color Scale 1–4, where 1 = green, 2 = break, 3 = yellow, and 4 = pink or red. The percentage of red color was estimated using the WTFRC Color Classification–Percent Red Scale 1–4, where

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Christina S. Howard, Renae Moran, and David Handley

The strawberry bud weevil (Anthonomus signatus), “clipper,” is an invasive pest to northeastern U.S. strawberry and raspberry crops. Strawberry is the primary host of clipper, but it has been observed damaging raspberry crops as well. The first objective for this research is to determine the importance of clipper as a pest on raspberries in the northeastern U.S. Raspberry plantings were scouted weekly on 13 grower-cooperator farms in Maine during the late spring and early Summer 2005 for the adult insects and bud injury (clipped or not). 10 canes from each site were then collected and the number of total buds and clipped buds were taken. This data will be correlated with the bud injury data to determine interrelationships between clipper populations and bud injury levels on different varieties of raspberries. The first year of this research has determined that clipper is a pest of raspberry in the northeastern U.S. Up to 55% clipper damage was found on raspberry plants in 2004 and up to 22% clipper damage was found in 2005. The other objective for this research is to develop integrated pest management (IPM) strategies for clipper on raspberry crops in the northeastern U.S. While scouting the farms this past summer, some different scouting techniques were tested for their efficiency and effectiveness at predicting the population levels of clipper on the crop. The scouting method of white sticky traps were hung in the field and provided the most accurate method of scouting for clipper in the field. In addition to this research, the importance of clipper as a pest of raspberries was tested using greenhouse-grown plants. They were analyzed for the ability of raspberry fruit yield to compensate for the loss of flower buds due to clipper damage. The research showed that plants with any clipped buds yielded significantly lower and the mean number of berries is significantly lower than the control plants with no clipped buds. The results also showed that the mean berry size was highest if there were no primaries clipped and significantly lower if primaries or secondaries were clipped concluding that there is little or no compensation in Killarney red raspberries when buds are clipped. This is a thesis project in progress with one more season of data to collect. Concluding the research, this work should improve grower awareness of clipper as a pest of raspberries and provide an IPM program to manage clipper on raspberries in the Northeast.

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Chun-hui Shi, Xiao-qing Wang, Xue-ying Zhang, Lian-ying Shen, Jun Luo, and Yu-xing Zhang

tree were bagged using six colors of Kodak WRATTEN filter bags (blue, green, white, yellow, orange, and red) 10 d after full bloom (DAFB). A white bag was used as the control. The entire development period of ‘Cuiguan’ fruit is 120 d. The trend of the

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Giacomo Cocetta, Roberto Beghi, Ilaria Mignani, and Anna Spinardi

apple cultivars. Thus, visual assessment of skin color might not precisely identify the fruit ripening stage. Visible/near IR (Vis/NIR) spectroscopy allows the evaluation of the chlorophyll concentration even in the skin of red apples whose anthocyanin

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Krista C. Shellie

’ ( Gillerman et al., 2006 )]. More recent plantings include the red cultivars ‘Cabernet Sauvignon’, ‘Merlot’, and ‘Syrah’, demonstrating industry interest in expanding cultivar selection. Despite the growing importance of wine grapes in Idaho's economy, little

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Esmaeil Fallahi, Bahar Fallahi, Michael J. Kiester, and Shahla Mahdavi

could be planted as a viable alternative crop for local fruit growers. Some asian pear cultivars were tested in Maryland in the 1970s ( Oitto et al., 1970 ), and most of that work focused on older Chinese cultivars, with little testing of japanese and

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Robert L. Jarret, Elizabeth Baldwin, Brian Perkins, Rod Bushway, and Kelly Guthrie

and glucose in mature red fruit of C. annuum ( Luning et al., 1994 ). The absence of sourness was similarly shown to be correlated with concentrations of various organic acids ( Luning et al., 1994 ). This study was undertaken to examine accessions

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Preeti Sood, Chris Ference, Jan Narciso, and Ed Etxeberria

) challenged tomato fruit with Salmonella immediately after labeling and observed no migration into the tissue by the organism, suggesting that some protection is supplied by the labeling process itself. Little information is available on the impact of this

Open access

Hongmei Xia, Wenbin Zhen, Dongyang Chen, and Wen Zeng

sliding off the open hand, there appeared to be little tearing problem on the bottom bonding area of the paper fruit bag in the test. This problem mainly came from large deviation between initial center of the paper fruit bag and symmetrical center of the