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Kayla R. Sanders and Jeffrey S. Beasley

nutrients such as N and phosphorus (P) not only reduces soil fertility and thus turfgrass quality ( Evans and Sorger, 1966 ; Mengel and Kirkby, 1987 ), but also contributes to surface and subsurface water impairment. High nutrient concentrations are

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María Victoria Huitrón-Ramírez, Marcia Ricárdez-Salinas, and Francisco Camacho-Ferre

overcomes resistance ( Camacho and Fernández, 2000 ). The use of methyl bromide (MB) is very limited as a result of environmental contamination and high toxicity to humans ( Passam, 2003 ). Fumigation with MB does not offer a solution against some soil

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Judy A. Thies, Don W. Dickson, and Richard L. Fery

use specified allocations ( U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 2006 ). Other nematocides used for controlling root-knot nematodes in vegetable crops are also being lost from the U.S. market because of human health risks and groundwater contamination

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Mathieu Ngouajio, Guangyao Wang, and Ronald G. Goldy

et al., 2006 ). Because most vegetable crops are heavily fertilized, as indicated by high residual N levels after harvest, overirrigation can increase the risk of groundwater contamination ( Greenwood et al., 1996 ). Studies have been conducted to

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Peter J. Dittmar, Jonathan R. Schultheis, Katherine M. Jennings, David W. Monks, Sushila Chaudhari, Stephen Meyers, and Chen Jiang

, Johnston County experienced an 8.6-inch rainfall within a 1-week period. Depending on the soil texture, these levels of heavy and continuous precipitation could cause flooding in the field. Farmers have suggested that high internal necrosis occurs in

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Shuresh Ghimire, Annette L. Wszelaki, Jenny C. Moore, Debra Ann Inglis, and Carol Miles

-treatment mulch and soil contamination. Seven subplot mulch treatments ( Table 1 ) were randomized within each main plot in 2015. At both locations, raised beds were 15–20 cm high and 0.8 m wide. Mulch was laid by machine (Model 2600 Bed Shaper; Rain

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Craig J. Frey, Xin Zhao, Jeffrey K. Brecht, Dustin M. Huff, and Zachary E. Black

vegetable production systems, where many disease and pest problems persist as a result of conducive environments. In Florida, root-knot nematodes ( Meloidogyne spp.) thrive in sandy soils under warm, moist conditions, but little is known regarding the

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Alexandre Bosco de Oliveira, Wagner A. Vendrame, and Luciana Cardoso Nogueira Londe

.2 kg·cm −2 . In vitro seed cultures were maintained under controlled environmental conditions; 27 ± 2 °C; 52 μmol·m −2 ·s −1 ; 16/8 light/dark using Philips ® LED top lighting ( Fig. 1A ). Germination (G), oxidation (O), and contamination (C

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Jayesh B. Samtani, Husein A. Ajwa, Rachael E. Goodhue, Oleg Daugovish, Zahanghir Kabir, and Steven A. Fennimore

). Improved retention of fumigants in soil under VIF also provides more opportunity for soil degradation of fumigants rather than release into the atmosphere ( Wang and Yates, 1998 ). Use of VIF as a tarp can reduce 1,3-D + Pic needed for effective soil

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Damon E. Abdi and R. Thomas Fernandez

infiltrating through the soil has the potential to transport dissolved compounds through soils. Substantial volumes of runoff are generated from irrigation falling between containers, precipitation, and container leachate, thus contributing to the removal of