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Evie Liss and Andy Duncan

University communicators (writers, editors, designers, videographers, multimedia specialists, etc.) often are asked by a scientist to help her or him redesign a completed, or partially-completed, information package. This may be a rough draft of a publication that will include photos already taken, a plan for a video that will include field work already competed, a CD-ROM that will include photos, video, and sound already in hand. Communicators call these “salvage jobs.” It is like being asked to give advice on the most effective design of an experiment—when the experiment is three-fourths done. The emerging world of on-line electronic information offers support in real time to people working in a vast array of fields. It is critically important that communicators and other information professionals collaborate, at the project initiation stage, with scientists in “creation teams” to plan effective information design and delivery. Also, it is important that electronic information packages to be used for decision support be peer reviewed for communication, as well as scientific, integrity. The session's presenters will explain why.

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Barbara L. Goulart

An in-the-trenches researcher/coordinator viewpoint of a northeast regional LISA grant funded from 1989-93 is presented. The specifics of the logistics of coordinating a multi-state grant in a fledgling granting program is emphasized, as well as the evolution of the content and focus of the research directions for the grant Evaluation of Alternative Strategies for Small Fruit Production (Univ. of Vermont Agreement 92-08-01). This was a project in which five states in the northeastern United States proposed to cooperate on a multi-disciplinary project exploring the biological and economic feasibility of selected production practices for small fruit. These practices were selected because they showed potential for increasing net profit by reducing purchased inputs or maximizing yield. Information transfer, before, during, and after the studies was emphasized, using such diverse means as grower experimental plots, the participation of growers in integrated pest management programs, the development and publication of economic data relevant to the projects, the development of a LISA small fruit newsletter, as well as more traditional means of information dissemination such as grower meetings, and trade and scientific publications.

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James J. Ferguson, Elizabeth Lamb, and Mickie Swisher

With funding to increase support for organic farming research at land grant universities, organic growers have collaborated with faculty and administrators to develop an undergraduate, interdisciplinary minor at the University of Florida. Required introductory courses focus on general concepts of organic and sustainable farming, alternative cropping systems, production programs, handling, and marketing issues. An advanced horticulture course requires intensive examination of certification procedures, farm plans, soil fertility, and crop management, all of which are integrated into a required field project. Extension faculty have also fostered development of this new curriculum by coordinating regional workshops and field days in collaboration with organic growers and by developing educational materials on organic certification and related issues.

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John Matylonek

Anyone who has had an occupation that uses the personal computer can attest to the way the tool affects the fundamental way in which tasks are done. It's this qualitative nature of the changes—not whether the computer makes your work more productive or more efficient—that really is the central finding of the research of information technology and organizations. Of people in all occupations, those who deal with information as the main product and service find themselves in a peculiar position. Because the tool itself is also the product, every change in technology reorders tasks and procedures so that the new system is accommodated. Given enough incremental change in the way information is manipulated, the core skill set of the practitioner must necessarily change. This puts a strain on the legacy systems, both social and technical, they leave behind. Librarianship is one profession whose central skill set is being challenged by the march of progress in information technology. This paper examines the way some librarians have shifted emphasis of their core skill set to meet the challenge of remaining relevant within the new information infrastructure. It will then examine the ramifications of the adaptation on the customers that they serve, the legacy organizational protocol, and the administrative bureaucracies they have been managed by.

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Penelope M. Perkins-Veazie and Sylvia Blankenship

1-Methylcyclopropane (1-MCP) is a gas that acts as an inhibitor of ethylene action. In the last 10 years, after patent approval (Sisler and Blankenship, 1996), the use of 1-MCP has become a global tool for commercial horticulture applications and has helped advance our knowledge of ripening and ethylene action in ripening and plant development.

1-MCP has a molecular weight of 4 and a formula of C4H6. 1-MCP has several roles related to ethylene; it has an affinity for ethylene receptors that is 10 times that of ethylene, it is active at much lower concentrations

Open access

John M. Walker


The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has issued guidance and is in the process of preparing and issuing regulations on land disposal and utilization of solid wastes and sewage sludge.