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Jeffrey G. Williamson and Jonathan H. Crane

-central Florida. SHB are grown commercially throughout Florida with the exception of the western panhandle area and the southern most part of the peninsula. SHB are typically grown in Florida using one of the following soil management systems: 1) soil culture

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Luisa Dalla Costa, Nicola Tomasi, Stefano Gottardi, Francesco Iacuzzo, Giovanni Cortella, Lara Manzocco, Roberto Pinton, Tanja Mimmo, and Stefano Cesco

It is well known that soil temperature changes have a significant impact on the growth and development of plants both in agricultural and native ecosystems ( Bonan, 1992 ). During plant growth, optimum temperature is required below- and aboveground

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Dinesh Phuyal, Thiago Assis Rodrigues Nogueira, Arun D. Jani, Davie M. Kadyampakeni, Kelly T. Morgan, and Rhuanito Soranz Ferrarezi

system with reduced nutrient and water uptake from the soil ( Johnson et al., 2014 ). Because trees do not use all the nutrients applied, there is potential for fertilizer leaching and water resources contamination ( Obreza and Sartain, 2010 ). An

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Kunkun Li, Weiqi Dong, Yun Zhao, Hongxia Xu, Junwei Chen, and Changjie Xu

are susceptible to contamination and easily damaged during the process of disinfection as well as being more recalcitrant to regeneration and transformation, explants prepared from aseptically grown seedlings are usually adopted as with many other

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Miles Schwartz Sax, Nina Bassuk, and Mark Bridgen

ideal candidates for planting in typically low soil moisture conditions found in the urban environment ( Abrams, 1990 ; Osuna et al., 2015 ; Sjöman et al., 2018 ). Oaks are commonly a major component of urban forests across eastern North American

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Lynn Maher and Irwin L. Goldman

aroma of soil ( Jones and Elliot, 2017 ). Geosmin-producing microbial species, including those in the genus Streptomyces , have been found as the source of geosmin contamination in wine, beer, and other foodstuffs, conferring an undesirable musty taste

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Huan Zhang, Lisa Wasko DeVetter, Edward Scheenstra, and Carol Miles

recycling has been limited because most of the mulch is thin (<8 μm) and difficult to retrieve ( Liu et al., 2014 ). Elsewhere in the world, the contamination of mulch with soil and plant debris (50% or more by weight) prevents it from being recycled

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Gladis M. Zinati, John Dighton, and Arend-Jan Both

, 1991 ; Pinton et al., 2001 ) as options to reduce effluent pollution. An inoculum contained natural ericoid roots and soil contained a mix of mycorrhizal fungi, rhizospheric and non-rhizospheric bacteria, and saprotrophic fungi. All of these microbial

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Ji-Jhong Chen, Jeanette Norton, Heidi Kratsch, Youping Sun, and Larry Rupp

soil conditions ( Sriladda et al., 2016 ), whereas S. rotundifolia has strong drought tolerance. Although S. rotundifolia is more aesthetically appealing compared with S. argentea ( Mee et al., 2003 ), S. rotundifolia has high mortality in

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Robert Conway Hochmuth, Marina Burani-Arouca, and Charles Edward Barrett

(USDA, 2019b). Florida carrot production has primarily been for the fresh market, and the production area more than doubled between 2007 and 2017, totaling 1722 ha (USDA, 2019c). Florida carrots have historically been grown on high organic matter soils