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Xiaoya Cai, Youping Sun, Terri Starman, Charles Hall, and Genhua Niu

25 °C, 1000 μmol·m −2 ·s −1 photosynthetic photon flux, and 375 μmol·mol −1 CO 2 . Data were recorded when the environmental conditions and gas exchange parameters in the cuvette became stable. These measurements were taken between 1000 and 1200 hr

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Huai-Fu Fan, Chang-Xia Du, and Shi-Rong Guo

arranged in a completely randomized block design with three replicates for each treatment (for a total of 12 troughs). All the nutrient solutions were renewed every 2 d to maintain identical concentrations. Leaf and root samples from healthy cucumber

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Jieshan Cheng, Peige Fan, Zhenchang Liang, Yanqiu Wang, Ning Niu, Weidong Li, and Shaohua Li

), intercellular carbon dioxide concentration (C i ), and T leaf were obtained simultaneously when P n was measured. Chlorophyll fluorescence parameters were measured with a plant efficiency analyzer [PEA (Hansatech, Norfolk, UK)] and a fluorescence monitoring

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Bhaskar R. Bondada

,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D). z Fig. 4. ( A ) Macronutrient and micronutrient concentrations (%) of control treatment entailing healthy ‘Merlot’ grapevine leaves without any 2,4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2,4-D) injury and 2,4-D-injured ‘Merlot’ grapevine

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Jaroslav Ďurkovič, Ingrid Čaňová, Lucia Javoříková, Monika Kardošová, Rastislav Lagaňa, Tibor Priwitzer, Roman Longauer, and Jana Krajňáková

photosynthetic rate ( P N ), transpiration rate ( E ), stomatal conductance ( g S ), and intercellular CO 2 concentration ( C i ) were measured under a saturating photosynthetic photon flux density of 1200 ± 5 μmol·m −2 ·s −1 and an ambient CO 2 concentration

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Youping Sun, Ji Jhong Chen, Haifeng Xing, Asmita Paudel, Genhua Niu, and Matthew Chappell

saline solution reduced when NaCl concentration increased from 0 to 60 m m ( Ibrahim et al., 1990 ). Viburnum lucidum watered with 80 m m NaCl or 53.3 m m calcium chloride (CaCl 2 ) had a 28% reduction in shoot dry weight, but there was no

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David M. Glenn

through the outlet port. Whole canopy net CO 2 and H 2 O exchange were measured with an infrared gas analyzer (IRGA) (CIRAS-1; PP Systems, Haverhill, MA) from the difference in CO 2 and H 2 O concentration between the inlet (reference) and the outlet

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capabilities of tree species at higher concentrations of the constituents of concern. Photosynthetic Efficiency and Sensory Quality of Allium fistulosum (L.) Grown in Elevated CO 2 Amanda Broome, and Ellen B. Peffley, Department of Plant and Soil

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Esnath T. Hamadziripi, Karen I. Theron, Magdalena Muller, and Willem J. Steyn

(1987) were used to calculate the chlorophyll and carotenoid concentrations in μg·g −1 fresh weight (FW) peel. Anthocyanins were extracted from 0.2 g of fresh frozen peel samples in 5 mL methanol and 3 M HCl (95:5 v/v) as the extraction solvent. They

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Liang Zheng, Huaming He, and Weitang Song

cryptochromes and phototropins, thus promoting the opening of stomata and generating a higher g S . Stomatal opening under red light is mainly caused by the decreased intercellular CO 2 concentration, which is the result of mesophyll photosynthetic activity