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Olha Sydorovych, Charles D. Safley, Rob M. Welker, Lisa M. Ferguson, David W. Monks, Katie Jennings, Jim Driver, and Frank J. Louws

. These trials represent earlier work with the Midas 50:50 formulation. More recent work at Fletcher, NC, has used a reduced rate of Midas (150 lb/acre broadcast) combined with virtually impermeable film (VIF) (F.J. Louws and R.M. Welker, unpublished data

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Michele R. Warmund, David H. Trinklein, Mark R. Ellersieck, and Reid J. Smeda

provide a transient water-impermeable coating on plant surfaces and increase resistance to water vapor loss ( Sutherland and Waters, 2002 ). Historically, film-forming polymers have been used as antitranspirants to reduce water loss of bare-root woody

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Ravneet K. Sandhu, Nathan S. Boyd, Lincoln Zotarelli, Shinsuke Agehara, and Natalia Peres

with emitters every 30 cm and a flow rate of 0.95 L⋅min −1 ⋅30 m −1 ) were installed (Jain Irrigation Inc., Haines City, FL); then, beds were covered with virtually impermeable plastic mulch (Berry Plastics Corp., Evansville, IN). Tomato with bell

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Matthew A. Escobar, Andrew Shilling, Pine Higgins, Sandra L. Uratsu, and Abhaya M. Dandekar

reactions ( Steffens et al., 1994 ); 3) reduce protein palatability and digestibility by oxidizing nucleophilic amino acids ( Felton et al., 1992 ); and 4) form an impermeable melanin barrier, preventing the spread of pathogen infection ( VanGelder et al

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Luke Miller, George Vellidis, and Timothy Coolong

)] placed in the row immediately before laying plastic mulch. Beds were 6 inches tall by 32 inches wide and covered with a 1.1-mil-thick impermeable film plastic mulch (Vaporsafe RM, TIF, 60 inches; Raven Industries, Sioux Falls, SD). An herbicide mixture

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Joara Secchi Candian, Timothy Coolong, Bhabesh Dutta, Rajagopalbabu Srinivasan, Alton Sparks, Apurba Barman, and Andre Luiz Biscaia Ribeiro da Silva

center-to-center with white-on-black totally impermeable film (TIF) plastic mulch (Vaporsafe RM, 60-inch; Raven Industries, Sioux Falls, SD). A single row of plants was spaced 12 inches apart within rows on each bed for a population of 7260 plants/acre or

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Rahmatallah Gheshm and Rebecca Nelson Brown

following heavy rainfall events, reduced soil compaction, and increased carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) levels in the lettuce canopy because the impermeable plastic film causes all CO 2 released from the soil to be vented through the planting holes, directly into

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Yingtao Ma, Mengmeng Zhao, Hongxia Wu, Congying Yuan, Huiyun Li, and Yanzhao Zhang

harvest is not good for color development in fruit skin. Previous studies have indicated that bagging with a light-impermeable bag significantly lowers anthocyanin concentrations in apple ( Malus domestica ) peels ( Feng et al., 2014 ). The visual

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Jayesh B. Samtani, Curt R. Rom, Heather Friedrich, Steven A. Fennimore, Chad E. Finn, Andrew Petran, Russell W. Wallace, Marvin P. Pritts, Gina Fernandez, Carlene A. Chase, Chieri Kubota, and Brad Bergefurd

preplant soil fumigant such as 1,3-dichloropropene plus chloropicrin to manage plant-parasitic nematodes, soil-borne diseases, and weeds. Virtually impermeable and totally impermeable films are used to limit the size of buffer zones and to increase soil

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Georgia Ntatsi, Dimitrios Savvas, Georgia Ntatsi, Hans-Peter Kläring, and Dietmar Schwarz

by gametophytic selection Euphytica 142 253 263 Egley, G.H. Paul, R.N. Vaughn, K.C. Duke, S.O. 1983 Role of peroxidase in the development of water impermeable seed coats in Sida spinosa L Planta 157 224 232 Elings, A. Kempkes, F.L.K. Kaarsemaker, R