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Mohammad Majdi, Ghasem Karimzadeh, Mohammad A. Malboobi, Reza Omidbaigi, and Ghader Mirzaghaderi

according to Student's T-test. Discussion Polyploidy has played an important role in plant breeding as a valuable method for inducing variation and producing superior plants ( Lewis, 1980 ; Stanys et al., 2006 ). Tetraploid plants are

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Laise S. Moreira and Matthew D. Clark

breeding programs have carried out hybridizations to obtain seedless cultivars to respond to market demand. Grape breeders have crossed seedless pollen donors with seeded mother plants for decades to get a proportion of seedless offspring each generation to

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R. Karina Gallardo, Parichat Klingthong, Qi Zhang, James Polashock, Amaya Atucha, Juan Zalapa, Cesar Rodriguez-Saona, Nicholi Vorsa, and Massimo Iorizzo

few studies have investigated trait priorities for plant breeding programs ( Gallardo et al., 2012 , 2018 ; Yue et al., 2013 ). To date, no study has been conducted to determine cranberry stakeholder preferences for plant and fruit quality traits

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Khin Thida One, Narathid Muakrong, Chamnanr Phetcharat, Patcharin Tanya, and Peerasak Srinives

. (2002) that plant height and canopy angle were controlled by a single gene with an incomplete dominant action. This information is useful for jatropha breeding and genetic studies. The F 2 plants from this interspecific cross comprise nine plant type

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Mohammad Sadat Hosseini Grouh, Kourosh Vahdati, Mahmoud Lotfi, Darab Hassani, and Nejat Pirvali Biranvand

and di-haploids (DHs) are important for genetic and developmental studies as well as for plant breeding. They have potential use in mutation research, genetic analysis, transformation, and in the production of homozygous cultivar(s) that can be used to

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Guo-Liang Jiang, Laban K. Rutto, and Shuxin Ren

domestically developed or improved edamame cultivars in the United States and also lack of affordable seed. Therefore, growing edamame faces challenges and/or problems. From the point of plant breeding, the major problems include limited genetic resources

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Matthew J. Koch and Stacy A. Bonos

, 1999 ). Breeding turfgrasses for increased salinity tolerance requires an efficient screening method. First, the method must allow for the ability to quickly screen large numbers of plants. Second, cost and labor requirements must also be considered

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Kyle M. VandenLangenberg and Todd C. Wehner

197088, the resistant parent in several breeding projects, had no effect on downy mildew rating—with its mean rating over planting dates being about equal to the overall study mean on the fourth rating date ( Table 3 ). The interaction between planting

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Narinder P.S. Dhillon, Supannika Sanguansil, Supornpun Srimat, Roland Schafleitner, B. Manjunath, Parag Agarwal, Qu Xiang, Mohammed Abu Taher Masud, Thaingi Myint, Ngo Thi Hanh, Tran Kim Cuong, Conrado H. Balatero, Venus Salutan-Bautista, Michel Pitrat, Aleš Lebeda, and James D. McCreight

). Cucurbit powdery mildew (CPM) caused by Px is a serious fungal foliar disease of cucurbit production in open fields and greenhouses. Disease outbreak brings reduction in plant growth, premature foliage loss, and reduction in yield and fruit quality

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Chengyan Yue, R. Karina Gallardo, James Luby, Alicia Rihn, James R. McFerson, Vicki McCracken, Vance M. Whitaker, Chad E. Finn, James F. Hancock, Cholani Weebadde, Audrey Sebolt, and Amy Iezzoni

-assisted breeding in Rosaceae fruit crops to improve the efficiency of plant breeding programs. There has been an increase in the successful use of this technology for crop improvement programs in the recent past (e.g., for improving product quality, management