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Menahem Edelstein, Daniel Berstein, Moshe Shenker, Hasan Azaizeh, and Meni Ben-Hur

case, high Se contents in the plant tissue can cause growth inhibition, yield reduction, chlorosis, and even plant mortality ( Terry et al., 2000 ). Hurd-Karrer (1937) was the first to describe Se phytotoxicity (snow-white chlorosis) in wheat plants

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Nagehan D. Köycü, John E. Stenger, and Harlene M. Hatterman-Valenti

phytotoxicity symptoms, but have not been tested to identify sulfur sensitivities or tolerances. With the increase in grape production in the upper midwest and northern Great Plains regions of the United States, more information on best management practices is

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Mara Grossman, John Freeborn, Holly Scoggins, and Joyce Latimer

measured at the widest point of the plant and again perpendicular to this point, number of branches, number of days to flower from date of sticking, shoot dry weight, and any evidence of phytotoxicity. Branches were counted if they were 2 mm long or longer

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Uttara C. Samarakoon and James E. Faust

phytotoxicity symptoms. Chelated Ca that contains ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA) can improve Ca absorption at lower Ca concentrations with root uptake ( Nelson and Niedziela, 1998 ), as well as with foliar applications ( Tang et al., 2007 ). The commercial

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Michael J. Adler and Carlene A. Chase

use of allelopathic cultivars of cash crops ( Wu et al., 1999 ) and by preceding cash crops with cover crops that exude allelochemicals or produce residues that decompose to release allelochemicals that are phytotoxic to weeds ( Batish et al., 2006

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James M. Rutledge, Daniel V. Weisenberger, and Zachary J. Reicher

). However, controlling mature RSBG typically requires multiple applications over multiple years of either herbicide and causes short-term CBG phytotoxicity ( Morton et al., 2007 ). Both herbicides are also highly dependent on warm temperatures (generally 20

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Inga A. Zasada, Thomas W. Walters, and John N. Pinkerton

plants, and to determine if there are any phytotoxic effects of the nematicides on raspberry plants. Materials and methods Nematodes and soil used in studies. The RLN population used in all studies was obtained from a red raspberry field in Lynden, WA

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Daisuke Sakamoto, Yuri Nakamura, Hiroyoshi Sugiura, Toshihiko Sugiura, Toshikazu Asakura, Mineyuki Yokoyama, and Takaya Moriguchi

breaking in ‘Hosui’. No phytotoxicity symptoms were observed during the course of these experiments. Fig. 4. Effect of KODA on endodormancy breaking in flower buds of ‘Kosui’ japanese pear (2008). Treatment on 29 Oct. ( A ), 11 Nov. ( B ), 26 Nov

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Morgan L. Cromwell, Lorraine P. Berkett, Heather M. Darby, and Takamaru Ashikaga

sulfur applications can also result in lower fruit yields, premature fruit drop, and can cause russeting and phytotoxic burns on the fruit, lowering fruit quality ( Burrell, 1945 ; Holb et al., 2003 ; MacHardy, 1996 ; Palmiter and Smock, 1954

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Verónica De Luca, Diego Gómez de Barreda, Antonio Lidón, and Cristina Lull

.6 instead of 9 mL/pot, to avoid the phytotoxicity effect observed in 2013). The choice of the 0.6 mL/pot rate for the additional B2 study (B2-0.6) was made after a dose response screening experiment (data not shown) applying 10 rates in the range 0 to 20 mL