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S.M. Schneider, B.D. Hanson, J.S. Gerik, A. Shrestha, T.J. Trout, and S. Gao

Soil fumigation with methyl bromide (MB) has commonly been used before planting open-field perennial crop nurseries to meet grower expectations and government regulations designed to ensure high-quality planting stock for domestic and international

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Timothy L. Grey, Mark Czarnota, Thomas Potter, and B. Todd Bunnell

pyrimidine analog of a triazole ( Leroux et al., 2005 ). It has a water solubility of 120 to 140 mg·L −1 across a pH range of 4 to 7, has a half-life ranging from 5 d to 1.5 years depending on the environment, and was mobile in nonvegetated loam soil

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Thomas G. Bottoms, Mark P. Bolda, Mark L. Gaskell, and Timothy K. Hartz

fields, ranging from ≈5 to 20 acres, represented diverse soil characteristics and grower fertilization practices. To examine soil characteristics, composite soil samples (at least 12 cores, top 12 inch depth) were collected in each field between January

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Jessica R. Goldberger, Lisa W. DeVetter, and Katherine E. Dentzman

recycling facilities that accept PE mulch is limited because of contamination with soil and/or vegetation (up to 50% by weight) ( Kasirajan and Ngouajio, 2012 ). Moreover, the labor and transport costs associated with recycling, burning, and landfilling

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Carol Miles, Lisa DeVetter, Shuresh Ghimire, and Douglas G. Hayes

the large amount of soil contamination (up to 70% by weight). It is estimated that less than 10% of agricultural PE mulch generated in the United States is currently recycled, with the majority being landfilled or burned in the field at the end of the

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Jeffrey P. Mitchell, Karen M. Klonsky, Eugene M. Miyao, Brenna J. Aegerter, Anil Shrestha, Daniel S. Munk, Kurt Hembree, Nicholaus M. Madden, and Thomas A. Turini

” evaluations that have been described in this article. These are the need to avoid contamination of mechanically harvested processing tomato loads by “trash” or soil surface residues and the need to avoid unnecessary traffic in what will eventually be crop

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M. Murshidul Hoque, Husein Ajwa, Mona Othman, Richard Smith, and Michael Cahn

( Fontes et al., 1997 ; Heckman et al., 2003 ). The Salinas Valley, located in the Central Coast region of California, has a severe problem with nitrate-N (NO 3 -N) contamination of groundwater related to intensive vegetable production typically using

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Emily K. Dixon, Bernadine C. Strik, and David R. Bryla

(a standard sampling practice, Hart et al., 2006 ), so nutrients such as Fe and Al may be highly variable because of soil contamination. Copper fungicide applied in Mar. and Apr. 2014 resulted in an order of magnitude increase of Cu in the 2014

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Phillip A. Wadl, Timothy A. Rinehart, Adam J. Dattilo, Mark Pistrang, Lisa M. Vito, Ryan Milstead, and Robert N. Trigiano

100% of the transplants had died. The reasons for the experimental failures were not entirely clear, but the investigators recognized the potential for drought stress and soil disturbance to negatively impact reintroduced plants. Although the relative

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Cameron Northcutt, Daniel Davies, Ron Gagliardo, Kylie Bucalo, Ron O. Determann, Jennifer M. Cruse-Sanders, and Gerald S. Pullman

The genus Sarracenia forms a group of carnivorous pitcher plants found mainly in North America. Pitcher plants are found in bog environments throughout the United States, usually in areas of slow-moving water where the acidic soil is poor in