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Moritz Knoche, Bishnu P. Khanal, and Matej Stopar

-dependent plastic deformation that thins the polymer and alleviates stress. These points demonstrate that the rate of strain is an important factor in skin failure. The rate of strain for a growing fruit equals the relative growth rate in surface area that is

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Guangyao Wang, Mathieu Ngouajio, Milton E. McGiffen Jr, and Chad M. Hutchinson

). Parameters a w , a la , and a lw are initial value of shoot biomass, leaf area, and leaf biomass, respectively, when lettuce or muskmelon was transplanted. Parameters b w , b la , and b lw are relative growth rate (RGR) of shoot biomass

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Andrea Luvisi, Alessandra Panattoni, Roberto Bandinelli, Enrico Rinaldelli, Mario Pagano, Barbara Gini, Giorgio Manzoni, and Enrico Triolo

). Sections were immediately observed under a light microscope (Leica, Wetzlar, Germany). In control, canes sections were taken at the same height of R1- and R2-treated canes. Shoot assay. The mean relative growth rate [MRGR (in milligrams per day)] of 15

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Xiaoning Li, Xiaoyan Sun, Guangyang Wang, Erick Amombo, Xiuwen Zhou, Zhaohong Du, Yinkun Zhang, Yan Xie, and Jinmin Fu

) 2 + A. aculeatus [Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 + F] treatment, and Ca 3 (PO 4 ) 2 concentrations were 0 and 3 g per pot (0.5 kg substrate per pot). After 7 weeks of the establishment, the shoot lengths were measured to assess the relative growth rate and

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Toshio Shibuya, Ryosuke Endo, Yoshiaki Kitaya, and Mizuki Tsuchida

), we measured the DM and leaf area of the remaining five seedlings in each treatment group. We calculated the relative growth rate (RGR, d −1 ), net assimilation rate (NAR, g·m −2 ·d −1 DM basis), and leaf area ratio (LAR, m 2 ·g −1 ) after

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Kellie J. Walters and Christopher J. Currey

temperatures increased from 23 to 29 °C, followed by a decrease as temperature increased to ≈35 °C. Similar to our findings, Caliskan et al. (2009) determined relative growth rate of sweet basil increased as temperature increased up to 28 °C, then decreased

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Hamidou F. Sakhanokho, Kanniah Rajasekaran, and Rowena Y. Kelley

, 100, 125, 150 μM) and AgNO 3 (0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 μM) concentrations. Each plate was weighed before the transfer of embryogenic callus and weighed again 4 weeks later to determine the relative growth rate of the embryogenic callus for each

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Johshin Tsuruyama and Toshio Shibuya

treatment and after 38 d and then their dry weight, leaf area, leaf number, and maximum petiole L were recorded. The relative growth rate (RGR), net assimilation rate (NAR), and leaf area ratio (LAR) were calculated using the following equations ( Hunt et al

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William S. Castle, James Nunnallee, and John A. Manthey

were accommodated by calculating relative growth rates which ranged from less than 1 to 6.1. Indian bael fruit ( Aegle marmelos ) plants grew the most vigorously, although they were not significantly different from the Volkamer lemon plants in the –Fe

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Ute Albrecht, Mireia Bordas, Beth Lamb, Bo Meyering, and Kim D. Bowman

persist at least during the early stages of establishment in the field. The SLA of a plant is defined as the one-sided area of a fresh leaf, divided by its oven-dry weight and is closely correlated with the relative growth rate of a plant ( Ruíz