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Viviane de Oliveira Souza, Margarete Magalhães Souza, Alex-Alan Furtado de Almeida, Joedson Pinto Barroso, Alexandre Pio Viana, and Cláusio Antônio Ferreira de Melo

/plant, leaf width in cm, leaf length (LL) in cm, polar axis (PA), equatorial axis (EA) in μm, colpo width in μm, mesocolpium in μm, polar view (PV) in μm, apocolpium in μm, murus in μm, lumen (LU) in μm, mesh, polar area index (PAI) in μm, and polar axis

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Andrew Merchant

transitory starch remobilization during the night identified by Gessler et al. (2007) . Collections of phloem material for phloem sap extraction were made using a single-sided razor blade. A section of phloem material ≈0.3 cm in area was excised, weighed

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Lauren C. Garner and Carol J. Lovatt

as the off-crop year and on-crop year, respectively. Patterns of flower and fruit abscission for Year 1 (data not shown) were generally consistent with that of the on-crop year reported herein. Tree nutrient status. Twenty leaves from hardened

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Mohsen Hatami, Siamak Kalantari, Forouzandeh Soltani, and John C. Beaulieu

., 2008 ). Decreasing growth rate and increasing soluble solids contents are important physiologic changes that clearly precede accelerated ethylene production. Because melons do not store starch, ethylene cannot affect soluble solids content by increasing

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He Huang, Yuting Liu, Ya Pu, Mi Zhang, and Silan Dai

pots (7 × 7 cm) with the same medium. Stress treatments were performed at the six-leaf stage. For the physiological index analysis, all propagules were treated with 200 m m NaCl for 0, 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 d. The propagules of C. lavandulifolium were

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Neil S. Mattson and Marc W. van Iersel

al., 1994 ). Total N consumption during the growing cycle was reduced by 41% when a variable N rate was applied according to the N accumulation pattern as opposed to applying constant 200 ppm N in the irrigation water ( Rose et al., 1994 ). Many woody

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Dongfeng Liu, Junbei Ni, Ruiyuan Wu, and Yuanwen Teng

, we investigated sorbitol transport and accumulation patterns as well as the activity and the expression level of sorbitol metabolic enzymes in mature leaves and fruit flesh to understand the fruit quality change under high-temperature treatment and

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Christopher B. Watkins and Jacqueline F. Nock

for all storage analyses. In both experiments, IECs, flesh firmness, SSC, and TA were measured at harvest and after storage, except in Expt. 1 in which IEC was not measured after storage. Starch pattern indices were measured at harvest. Acetaldehyde

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Lisa W. DeVetter, Huan Zhang, Shuresh Ghimire, Sean Watkinson, and Carol A. Miles

materials are manufactured from feedstocks derived from fossil fuels plus natural materials (e.g., starch polysaccharides and cellulose, up to 20% of the BDM) ( Jamshidian et al., 2010 ; Miles et al., 2017 ). BDMs are engineered to completely biodegrade

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Ockert P.J. Stander, Graham H. Barry, and Paul J.R. Cronjé

pattern across three consecutive harvests [an alternate bearing index ( I ) higher than 0.15 ( Monselise and Goldschmidt, 1982 )]. The alternate bearing index of each orchard was calculated using the following formula ( Gur et al., 1969 ): where n