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James E. Altland and Charles R. Krause

supply/demand dynamics in the forest products industries as well as transportation and processing costs, which are tied directly to fuel costs. A compelling body of research has emerged on the use of whole pine trees as an alternative component to replace

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Francesco Di Gioia, Monica Ozores-Hampton, Jason Hong, Nancy Kokalis-Burelle, Joseph Albano, Xin Zhao, Zack Black, Zhifeng Gao, Chris Wilson, John Thomas, Kelly Moore, Marilyn Swisher, Haichao Guo, and Erin N. Rosskopf

Florida locations (Immokalee and Citra), indicated that ASD, applied using a mixture of CPL and molasses as C source, may be potentially used as a sustainable alternative to conventional CSF for the control of plant-parasitic nematodes and weeds, without

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Chunxian Chen, Jude W. Grosser, Milica Ćalović, Patricia Serrano, Gemma Pasquali, Julie Gmitter, and Fred G. Gmitter Jr

followed by the processes of validation. Somatic hybrids have been identified first by the complementary and/or intermediate morphology of regenerants followed by confirmation of ploidy level, and finally molecular markers are used to confirm the presence

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Kari L. Hugie and Eric Watkins

). Turfgrass breeders have worked to improve these species for use in lower-input situations ( Bonos and Huff, 2013 ), but the use of alternative species is another promising approach. A number of researchers have investigated other species for their adaptation

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Michael P. Dzakovich, Celina Gómez, and Cary A. Mitchell

Bugbee, 2014 ). However, the HPS fixtures most widely used by commercial growers have an electrical conversion efficiency of only 1.02 µmol·J −1 . Because energy is the second largest indirect cost for greenhouse crop production ( Frantz et al., 2010

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Lucas G. Paranhos, Charles E. Barrett, Lincoln Zotarelli, Tatiana Borisova, Rebecca Darnell, and Kati Migliaccio

Plastic mulch in combination with drip irrigation is widely used for vegetable production in Florida ( Locascio, 2005 ). The benefits associated with this plasticulture system in comparison with the traditional bare ground seepage irrigation include

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Fernando de la Riva, Pilar Carolina Mazuela, Juan Eugenio Álvaro, and Miguel Urrestarazu

use of sucrose as a sugar in holding solutions is a usual practice to extend the vase life of cut flowers ( Macnish et al., 2008 ; Mayak and Dilley, 1976 ). A requirement for carbohydrates was demonstrated in cut flowers of petunia ( Weiss and Haley

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Gerardo H. Nunez, Hilda Patricia Rodríguez-Armenta, Rebecca L. Darnell, and James W. Olmstead

; Finn et al., 1993 ) where ammonium is the predominant form of nitrogen ( Pritts and Hancock, 1992 ). These characteristics are relatively rare in agricultural soils. Consequently, SHB growers use costly soil amendments to provide favorable conditions

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Jason Ernest Elvin Dampier, Richard W. Harper, Ashley McElhinney, and Eric Biltonen

, 2013 ; McClure, 1987 ) and is usually most efficacious when insect populations are low and tree health has not been seriously compromised ( Ward et al., 2004 ). Effective chemical HWA control includes the use of contact insecticides such as

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Paige L. Herring, Abbey C. Noah, and Helen T. Kraus

Sphagnum peat is a finite resource that is often used in the horticultural industry as a component in many substrates specifically in greenhouse production for transplants ( Abad et al., 2001 ). Peat is mined from its natural wetland habitat, and