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Yin-Tung Wang

Traditionally, most orchid growers bred and raised orchids from seed for sale. All orchids grow slowly compared with other potted flowering plants, requiring several years before seedling or cloned plants are capable of producing flowers. This

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Pablo Bolaños-Villegas, Shih-Wen Chin, and Fure-Chyi Chen

In general, relatively little is known about the genetics of orchids because of the high cost of growing large populations of the plant, the relatively long growing cycles (≈6 years) to obtain two generations, and polyploidy in advanced

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Wei-Ling Guo, Yao-Chien Alex Chang, and Chien-Yuan Kao

explants have been used in many laboratories for clonal propagation of orchids, producing millions of low-cost orchid plantlets throughout the world ( Chen and Chang, 2006 ; Chugh et al., 2009 ; Ernst, 1994 ; Park et al., 2003 ; Teng et al., 1997

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Kazuhiko Mitsukuri, Takaya Arita, Masahumi Johkan, Satoshi Yamasaki, Kei-ichiro Mishiba, and Masayuki Oda

Habenaria radiata (Thunb.) K. Spreng. is a terrestrial orchid found in the wetlands of Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu Islands in Japan. This orchid is a valuable ornamental plant because of its beautiful bird-shaped petals ( Fig. 1 ). However, wild H

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Samira Samarfard, Mihdzar A. Kadir, Saleh B. Kadzimin, Halimi M. Saud, Seyed Ali Ravanfar, and Mahmoud Danaee

The Orchidaceae is one of the most diverse of flowering plant families, containing 25,000 species from more than 800 identified genera ( Thammasiri, 2002 ). The genus Phalaenopsis is one of the most important epiphytic monopodial orchids, known as

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Yung-I Lee

Cypripedium formosanum Hayata is a rare slipper orchid species endemic to Taiwan that has a pinkish single flower above fan-shaped leaves at the stem apex ( Cribb, 1997 ; Lin, 1987 ). C. formosanum is one of the popular potted and perennial

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Yin-Tung Wang

Potted orchids have become one of the most important potted floral crop in the United States with a wholesale value of $144 million in 2005 ( USDA, 2006 ) and worldwide ( Wang, 2004 ), particularly the hybrid Phalaenopsis . Young plants of

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Hilda E. Lee-Espinosa, Joaquín Murguía-González, Benjamín García-Rosas, Ana L. Córdova-Contreras, Antonio Laguna-Cerda, Javier O. Mijangos-Cortés, Luis F. Barahona-Pérez, Lourdes G. Iglesias-Andreu, and Nancy Santana-Buzzy

handcrafts) and considered to be of better quality than the synthetic product. V. planifolia ‘Andrews’, also known as Vanilla fragrans (Salisb) ( Bouriquet, 1954 ), is a tropical climbing orchid with origins in Mexico and Central America ( Funk and

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Alexis K. Nagel, Guido Schnabel, Cesar Petri, and Ralph Scorza

genetic element for enhancing resistance to root-associated pathogens in Prunus species. The GAFP lectin comes from the Asiatic orchid Gastrodia elata and has been shown to inhibit a wide range of pathogenic fungal species in vitro, including

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Mary Vargo and James E. Faust

plants of each of the three hybrid impatiens cultivars (Compact Electric Orange, Compact Orchid Blush, and Compact Hot Coral) bred by Sakata Ornamentals and propagated in 105-cell, loose-fill trays (21 cm 3 /cell) placed on benches in a propagation