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Bhaskar Bondada

the berries reminiscent of a deflated soccer ball, clusters afflicted with SOUR shrivel had an analogous cluster framework ( Fig. 1B and inset). The SOUR shrivel berries displayed a distinct wrinkling pattern on the exocarp wherein deep grooves formed

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Alex Goke, Sara Serra, and Stefano Musacchi

tree fruit industry is that of DM—the sum of soluble (sugar) and insoluble (starch) carbohydrates, proteins, minerals, and other compounds (cell walls, organic acids, fibers, etc.) that accumulate in a fruit throughout its development on the tree from

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Tripti Vashisth and Taylor Livingston

citrus psyllid [ Diaphorina citri ( Halbert and Manjunath, 2004 )]. C Las, is a phloem-limited bacterium; and once a tree is infected by C Las, plugging in the phloem sieve pores can be observed, resulting in an accumulation of starch in symptomatic

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Shanthanu Krishna Kumar, Nathan Wojtyna, Laura Dougherty, Kenong Xu, and Gregory Peck

for maturity using the cortex starch pattern index (SPI) ( Blanpied and Silsby, 1992 ). An iodine solution (0.22% w/v iodine, 0.88% w/v potassium iodine) (EMD Millipore Corp., Billerica, MA) was applied to the stem-side of an equatorial cross

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Heeock Boo, Honggi Kim, and Hyunhwa Lee

monitored using a refractive index detector. Each experiment was conducted in triplicate and involved combined extracts of three different eggplant fruits. Enzyme assays. To investigate the activity of sucrose synthase enzymes, fruit or leaf samples

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James P. Mattheis

-house assessments of fruit maturity indices are also conducted to determine what type and duration of storage are appropriate for individual lots. Maturity indicators, including starch index, firmness, and peel color, are typically monitored to assess whether apples

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Hui-juan Zhou, Xia-nan Zhang, Ming-shen Su, Ji-hong Du, Xiong-wei Li, and Zheng-wen Ye

randomly collected from each replicate every 2 d. Liquid nitrogen was used to immediately freeze peach mesocarps from each group; then, the frozen flesh was stored at −80 °C for a subsequent analysis of physiological and biochemical indexes and gene

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Peter M.A. Toivonen, Jared Stoochnoff, Kevin Usher, Changwen Lu, Paul A. Wiersma, and Chunhua Zhou

( Blanpied and Silsby, 1992 ). Fruit were harvested on 29 Sept. when the average starch clearing index of 15 apple samples (one from each tree) reached 3.7 ± 0.8 ( Blanpied and Silsby, 1992 ). Fruit was harvested by hand into soft-sided picking bags from

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Manasikan Thammawong, Daisuke Nei, Poritosh Roy, Nobutaka Nakamura, Takeo Shiina, Yuuichi Inoue, Hidenobu Hamachi, and Shigeyuki Nonaka

measured with a high-performance liquid chromatograph (Shimadzu, Kyoto, Japan). Degassed, distilled, deionized water at 0.6 mL·min −1 at 60 °C was used as the mobile phase. A refractive index detector (RID-10A; Shimadzu) was used to quantify sugar content

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Mildred N. Makani, Steven A. Sargent, Lincoln Zotarelli, Donald J. Huber, and Charles A. Sims

and by delaying tuber periderm maturation in the field, leading to higher weight loss ( Dahlenburg et al., 1990 ), higher disease incidence ( Jablonski, 2006 ), decreased phytochemical content ( Zhang et al., 1997 ), and low or elevated starch content