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Babita Thapa, Rajeev Arora, Allen D. Knapp, and E. Charles Brummer

genotypes used in the studies. In this experiment, we developed a freezing tolerance assay for M. truncatula that is rapid and reproducible to test the hypotheses that cellular injury decreases as the acclimation temperature to which plants are exposed

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Christian M. Baldwin, Eugene K. Blythe, A. Douglas Brede, Jami J. Mayer, and R. Golembiewski

CBG and PRG seedling tolerance to bispyribac-sodium and ethofumesate when both species were between the two to five LS. Applications made during early seedling emergence (two LS) resulted in more injury to both species than applications when plants

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M. Kate Lee and Marc W. van Iersel

, which may lead to salt uptake by the plants. Salt injury occurs when too much NaCl accumulates in the substrate. When excessive concentrations of NaCl are present in the soil, water uptake may be inhibited ( Shalhevet and Bernstein, 1968 ), causing a

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Matthew J. Koch and Stacy A. Bonos

occurs during times of extreme drought, when potable water needs to be conserved. Wastewater, including effluent water, may have increased salt levels ( Duncan et al., 2000 ), which can cause salt stress injury, poor turf quality, and physiological

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Sarah E. Dixon, Jerri L. Henry, Dean S. Volenberg, and Reid J. Smeda

Missouri Department of Agriculture received complaints of suspected dicamba injury to more than 130 acres of grapevine by Oct. 2017 ( Bradley, 2017 ). Grapevines are highly sensitive to synthetic auxin herbicides, and the effects can be long

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Youping Sun, Liqin Li, Yuxiang Wang, and Xin Dai

reference methods for the western region. Western Regional Extension Publication (WREP) 125 Grattan, S.R. Grieve, C.M. 1999 Salinity - mineral nutrient relations in horticultural crops Scientia Hort. 78 127 157 Jull, L.G. 2009 Winter salt injury and salt

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W. Robert Trentham, Carl E. Sams, and William S. Conway

the other two elements ( Conway and Sams, 1987 ). Ca-induced injury appears to be at least partly due to salt stress because injury severity increases with the concentration of CaCl 2 in the solution with which the fruit is treated ( Sharples and

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Lakshmy Gopinath, Matthew Barton, and Justin Quetone Moss

enter the transpiration stream, causing an increase in salt concentration in the cell wall or cytoplasm leading to cell injury ( Munns, 1993 ). Golf courses are one of the sites that use reclaimed or recycled water for irrigation ( Harivandi, 2004

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Julián Miralles-Crespo, Juan Antonio Martínez-López, José Antonio Franco-Leemhuis, and Sebastián Bañón-Arias

In areas with a Mediterranean climate, frost can occur in the field in winter or early spring. The production of ornamental plants in the nursery may be affected by freezing temperatures, which can produce severe injuries in the plants. Although

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Yi Zhang, Xiao-Hui Hu, Yu Shi, Zhi-Rong Zou, Fei Yan, Yan-Yan Zhao, Hao Zhang, and Jiu-Zhou Zhao

secondary effects that result in growth inhibition and sometimes cell death ( Li et al., 2010a ). Tomato was chosen for this study because its importance is increasing worldwide, it is considered a moderately salt-tolerant crop, and it has considerable