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Alexander D. Pavlista, Dipak K. Santra, James A. Schild, and Gary W. Hergert

Clay Works, Denver, CO). In the seed application tests in 2005, emergence of all planted seeds and plant height of all emerged seedlings were determined. In all tests in which GA 3 was applied to the foliage, four seeds were planted per pot and thinned

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Alison Bingham Jacobson, Terri W. Starman, and Leonardo Lombardini

: plant height; stem and node number; internode length; days to first flower; bud, fresh, and senesced flower number; pre-dawn and midday water potential; and a postharvest quality rating using a scale of 5 (best) to 1 (worst) but regarded as observation

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Shinsuke Agehara and Daniel I. Leskovar

cotyledon stage. However, this recommendation is based solely on plant height, although other growth components are also known to be affected by ABA ( Taiz and Zeiger, 2010 ). Moreover, high-dose applications of ABA have negative side effects such as leaf

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Brian Christensen, Sridevy Sriskandarajah, and Renate Müller

; Pellegrineschi and Davolio-Mariani, 1996 ). Plants transformed with these genes exhibit varying degrees of altered phenotype termed the Ri (root-inducing) phenotype. The typical Ri phenotype exhibits reduced plant height and apical dominance giving the plant a

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Matthew G. Blanchard and Erik S. Runkle

Controlling height of bedding plants can be one of the most difficult challenges for commercial greenhouse growers. Plant growth regulators (PGRs) often are used to inhibit stem elongation and to limit final plant height. Several techniques are

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Sangho Jeon, Charles S. Krasnow, Gemini D. Bhalsod, Blair R. Harlan, Mary K. Hausbeck, Steven I. Safferman, and Wei Zhang

plant. This rating was made without removing the potting mix from the roots. In Expt. 2, the plants were rated for their horticultural quality ( Ecke et al., 2004 ) based on the appearance (e.g., color, height, and bract area) on the scale from 1 (high

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Emilio Nicolás, Trinitario Ferrandez, José Salvador Rubio, Juan José Alarcón, and Ma Jesús Sánchez-Blanco

) seedlings were used. The most homogeneous selection of seedlings possible (10 to 12 cm in height) was made avoiding, to the greatest extent possible, variations resulting from sexual production. The plants were grown in 1863-cm 3 plastic pots filled with a

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Jack E. Staub, Matthew D. Robbins, Yingmei Ma, and Paul G. Johnson

evident), and 5 = green plants having comparatively abundant above-ground biomass. On 28 June 2010 and 20 June 2011, the height (centimeters) of each plant was measured as the distance from the plant base (soil surface) to the top of the highest floret at

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Norman B. Best, Xingang Wang, Scottie Brittsan, Eric Dean, Seth J. Helfers, Ryan Homburg, Mariah L. Mobley, Tiffeny L. Spindler, Bofan Xie, Menglu Zhang, Paul M. Hasegawa, Robert J. Joly, David Rhodes, and Brian P. Dilkes

. Introduction of ornamental plants is essential to diversify an urban landscape ( Suleiman et al., 2009 ). Dwarf cultivars which permit layering by height across the landscape are commercially significant in a wide variety of landscape plant species, including

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Ian G. Lane, James Wolfin, Eric Watkins, and Marla Spivak

favored by intermediate mowing frequencies ( Smith and Fellowes, 2014 ) where lawns were mowed to 4 cm when they attained 6 cm in height. One observational study in Paris found that mowing frequency, among other factors, negatively impacted plant diversity