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Brian Christensen, Sridevy Sriskandarajah, and Renate Müller

; Pellegrineschi and Davolio-Mariani, 1996 ). Plants transformed with these genes exhibit varying degrees of altered phenotype termed the Ri (root-inducing) phenotype. The typical Ri phenotype exhibits reduced plant height and apical dominance giving the plant a

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Liu Yang, Zhongkui Xie, Zhijiang Wu, Yajun Wang, Zhihong Guo, Yubao Zhang, and Ruoyu Wang

is favored by Chinese customers; as a result, it is one of the three most popular lily cultivars in China ( Yamagishi and Akagi, 2013 ). The flower quality is mainly related to plant height, flower number per plant, and flower diameter ( Lindsay et al

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Alexander D. Pavlista, Dipak K. Santra, James A. Schild, and Gary W. Hergert

Clay Works, Denver, CO). In the seed application tests in 2005, emergence of all planted seeds and plant height of all emerged seedlings were determined. In all tests in which GA 3 was applied to the foliage, four seeds were planted per pot and thinned

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Matthew G. Blanchard and Erik S. Runkle

Controlling height of bedding plants can be one of the most difficult challenges for commercial greenhouse growers. Plant growth regulators (PGRs) often are used to inhibit stem elongation and to limit final plant height. Several techniques are

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Shinsuke Agehara and Daniel I. Leskovar

cotyledon stage. However, this recommendation is based solely on plant height, although other growth components are also known to be affected by ABA ( Taiz and Zeiger, 2010 ). Moreover, high-dose applications of ABA have negative side effects such as leaf

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Emilio Nicolás, Trinitario Ferrandez, José Salvador Rubio, Juan José Alarcón, and Ma Jesús Sánchez-Blanco

) seedlings were used. The most homogeneous selection of seedlings possible (10 to 12 cm in height) was made avoiding, to the greatest extent possible, variations resulting from sexual production. The plants were grown in 1863-cm 3 plastic pots filled with a

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Sangho Jeon, Charles S. Krasnow, Gemini D. Bhalsod, Blair R. Harlan, Mary K. Hausbeck, Steven I. Safferman, and Wei Zhang

plant. This rating was made without removing the potting mix from the roots. In Expt. 2, the plants were rated for their horticultural quality ( Ecke et al., 2004 ) based on the appearance (e.g., color, height, and bract area) on the scale from 1 (high

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Jack E. Staub, Matthew D. Robbins, Yingmei Ma, and Paul G. Johnson

evident), and 5 = green plants having comparatively abundant above-ground biomass. On 28 June 2010 and 20 June 2011, the height (centimeters) of each plant was measured as the distance from the plant base (soil surface) to the top of the highest floret at

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Norman B. Best, Xingang Wang, Scottie Brittsan, Eric Dean, Seth J. Helfers, Ryan Homburg, Mariah L. Mobley, Tiffeny L. Spindler, Bofan Xie, Menglu Zhang, Paul M. Hasegawa, Robert J. Joly, David Rhodes, and Brian P. Dilkes

. Introduction of ornamental plants is essential to diversify an urban landscape ( Suleiman et al., 2009 ). Dwarf cultivars which permit layering by height across the landscape are commercially significant in a wide variety of landscape plant species, including

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Ryan M. Warner

on the influence of temperature on stevia growth and development in controlled environments is lacking. Increasing daily light integral generally decreased plant height and individual leaf area ( Evans et al., 2015 ). For field-grown plants