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Adonai Gimenez Calbo, Marcos David Ferreira, and José Dalton Cruz Pessoa

intercellular air volumes. Accordingly, for some regular cellular lattices, it was demonstrated that there is a simple mathematical relation between the flattening pressure and cell turgor ( Calbo and Nery, 2001 ). In these lattice models, the flattening

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Mokhles A. Elsysy, Michael V. Mickelbart, and Peter M. Hirst

, in ‘Braeburn’ apple leaves bearing low or no crop load ( Wünsche et al., 2005 ). This reduction may have been induced by plant growth regulators or it may be a response to a change in intercellular CO 2 concentrations. Moreover, the availability of

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Dawei Shi, Xiaodong Wei, Guoxiang Chen, and Yanli Xu

Lichtenthaler and Wellburn (1983) . Photosynthetic activity measurements. The net photosynthetic rates (P n ), stomatal conductance ( g S ), and intercellular CO 2 concentration (Ci) were measured in the field on sun-exposed leaves (n = 10 leaves per tree

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Yang Li, Juanqi Li, Guoxiu Wu, Yanman Li, Aimin Shen, Deli Ma, and Shengli Li

). To reduce transpiration and improve the water utilization rate, plants will close stomata and constraint the diffusion of CO 2 . Uneven stomatal closure reduces intercellular CO 2 concentration and thus affects the photosynthetic rate of plants

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Tian Gong, Xin Zhao, Ashwin Sharma, Jeffrey K. Brecht, and James Colee

adventitious root growth from the scion with the chamberless healing method reduces the need to remove them before transplanting to the field. No differences in transpiration rate, net CO 2 assimilation rate, intercellular CO 2 concentration, g S to CO 2

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Dalong Zhang, Yuping Liu, Yang Li, Lijie Qin, Jun Li, and Fei Xu

to Ls =1 – C i /C a , where C i is the intercellular carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) concentration and C a is the ambient CO 2 concentration ( Duan et al., 2014 ). Instantaneous WUE (InstWUE) at the leaf scale was calculated as the amount of carbon gain in

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Xianping Guo, Yiwei Bian, Qizhen Qiu, Dongsheng Wang, Zhongying Wu, Zhenzhen Lv, Beijing Zhang, Qingnan Wu, and Hezhong Wang

absorption spectrophotometer (ZEEnit-700P; Analytik Jena AG, Jena, Germany). The photosynthesis parameters of the leaves, including net photosynthetic rate (P n ), stomatal conductance ( g S ), intercellular CO 2 concentration (Ci), transpiration rate (Tr

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Nathan J. Eylands, Michael R. Evans, and Angela M. Shaw

lower saponin concentrations of 12.5 and 25 µg·mL −1 reduced in recoverable E. coli populations and were similar to the inoculated treatment without saponin and contained populations that ranged from 2.15 to 2.32 log cfu/mL. The inoculated treatments

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Lingyun Yuan, Yujie Yuan, Shan Liu, Jie Wang, Shidong Zhu, Guohu Chen, Jinfeng Hou, and Chenggang Wang

with a mixed solution containing acetone, ethanol, and water (the volume ratio, 4.5:4.5:1). Photosynthetic parameters and CO 2 exchange. Net photosynthetic rate (P N ), stomatal conductance ( g s ), intercellular CO 2 concentration (Ci), and

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Ajay Nair, Donglin Zhang, John Smagula, and Dongyan Hu

comprised of the powder form of IBA equivalent to 8000 mg·L −1 (Hormodin #3; 0.8% a.i.). The liquid + powder treatment involved first dipping cuttings in a 5000 mg·L −1 KIBA solution followed by rolling in powder [Hormodin #2 (Merck & Co., Rahway, NJ); 0