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Chang-Tsern Chen, Ching-Lung Lee, and Der-Ming Yeh

Ci (380–390 μmol·mol −1 CO 2 ). Table 4. Effects of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), or magnesium (Mg) deficiencies on net photosynthetic rate ( Pn ), stomatal conductance ( g S ), and intercellular carbon dioxide

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Mokhles A. Elsysy, Michael V. Mickelbart, and Peter M. Hirst

, in ‘Braeburn’ apple leaves bearing low or no crop load ( Wünsche et al., 2005 ). This reduction may have been induced by plant growth regulators or it may be a response to a change in intercellular CO 2 concentrations. Moreover, the availability of

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Tian Gong, Xin Zhao, Ashwin Sharma, Jeffrey K. Brecht, and James Colee

adventitious root growth from the scion with the chamberless healing method reduces the need to remove them before transplanting to the field. No differences in transpiration rate, net CO 2 assimilation rate, intercellular CO 2 concentration, g S to CO 2

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Yang Li, Juanqi Li, Guoxiu Wu, Yanman Li, Aimin Shen, Deli Ma, and Shengli Li

). To reduce transpiration and improve the water utilization rate, plants will close stomata and constraint the diffusion of CO 2 . Uneven stomatal closure reduces intercellular CO 2 concentration and thus affects the photosynthetic rate of plants

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Dawei Shi, Xiaodong Wei, Guoxiang Chen, and Yanli Xu

Lichtenthaler and Wellburn (1983) . Photosynthetic activity measurements. The net photosynthetic rates (P n ), stomatal conductance ( g S ), and intercellular CO 2 concentration (Ci) were measured in the field on sun-exposed leaves (n = 10 leaves per tree

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Dalong Zhang, Yuping Liu, Yang Li, Lijie Qin, Jun Li, and Fei Xu

to Ls =1 – C i /C a , where C i is the intercellular carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) concentration and C a is the ambient CO 2 concentration ( Duan et al., 2014 ). Instantaneous WUE (InstWUE) at the leaf scale was calculated as the amount of carbon gain in

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Xianping Guo, Yiwei Bian, Qizhen Qiu, Dongsheng Wang, Zhongying Wu, Zhenzhen Lv, Beijing Zhang, Qingnan Wu, and Hezhong Wang

absorption spectrophotometer (ZEEnit-700P; Analytik Jena AG, Jena, Germany). The photosynthesis parameters of the leaves, including net photosynthetic rate (P n ), stomatal conductance ( g S ), intercellular CO 2 concentration (Ci), transpiration rate (Tr

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Nathan J. Eylands, Michael R. Evans, and Angela M. Shaw

lower saponin concentrations of 12.5 and 25 µg·mL −1 reduced in recoverable E. coli populations and were similar to the inoculated treatment without saponin and contained populations that ranged from 2.15 to 2.32 log cfu/mL. The inoculated treatments

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Yan-xin Duan, Ying Xu, Ran Wang, and Chun-hui Ma

samples was mixed with 0.3 g CuSO 4 , 3 g anhydrous Na 2 SO 4 , and 10 to 12 mL concentrated H 2 SO 4 . After digestion and dissolution, the N content was assayed using a Kjeldahl nitrogen apparatus (K9860; Hanon instruments Co., Ltd., Jinan, China

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Ajay Nair, Donglin Zhang, John Smagula, and Dongyan Hu

comprised of the powder form of IBA equivalent to 8000 mg·L −1 (Hormodin #3; 0.8% a.i.). The liquid + powder treatment involved first dipping cuttings in a 5000 mg·L −1 KIBA solution followed by rolling in powder [Hormodin #2 (Merck & Co., Rahway, NJ); 0