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Pedro García-Caparrós, Olga González-Salmerón, Mónica Pérez-Saiz, Raquel Calatrava, María Teresa Lao, Rosa María Chica, and Gumersindo De la Cruz

Epson Corp., Suwa, Japan) and the images were processed with Adobe Photoshop CS6 (Adobe System Software, Dublin, Ireland) by averaging the R, G, and B values of all the leaf pixels. The same plants designated for the determination of leaf color index

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Christopher J. D’Angelo and Irwin L. Goldman

continent ( Serra, 2002 ) and are the predominant onion market class in the northern United States ( Davie, 2017 ; Lucier, 2011 ). These cultivars maintain a high level of quality while in storage for extended periods and are well adapted to the shorter

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Roberto G. Lopez and Erik S. Runkle

9-h natural day achieved by using blackout cloth from 1700 to 0800 hr extended with day-extension lighting (≈2 μmol·m −2 ·s −1 at canopy level) with incandescent lamps from 1700 to 2000 hr . From 0800 to 1700 hr , high-pressure sodium (HPS

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Meijun Zhang, Duanduan Zhao, Zengqiang Ma, Xuedong Li, and Yulan Xiao

vessels and washed to remove any medium adhering to the root system. The washed plantlets were transplanted into a tray with peat (Growing Mix I; Fafard Co. Ltd., Inkerman, Canada) and placed in a greenhouse with a simple shading screen for acclimatization

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Samson Zeray Tesfay, Sakhile Mathe, Albert T. Modi, and Tafadzwanashe Mabhaudhi

system. Consumers’ awareness and interest on leafy vegetables has been increasing in recent times due to their perceived health image. However, the market for leafy vegetables is mainly dominated by ELVs, which is often unaffordable to poor rural

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Katherine Kreuser, William C. Kreuser, Gautam Sarath, and Keenan L. Amundsen

( Hilhorst, 1990 ; Wenger, 1943 ). Industry professionals typically soak harvested burs in a 0.05 m KNO 3 solution followed by a moist chill treatment at 5 °C for 5 weeks, a treatment adapted from Wenger (1941) (R. Fritz, personal communication). The

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Kaitlyn M. Orde, Rich Marini, Kathleen Demchak, and Rebecca Sideman

situations. We found that the thickness of the TIV, KLP, UVT, and UVO films made adapting these films for use in a low tunnel system challenging. TIV, KLP, UVT, and UVO would not remain raised if sides were lifted (or “scrunched”) upward; instead, it was

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Vance M. Whitaker, Tomas Hasing, Craig K. Chandler, Anne Plotto, and Elizabeth Baldwin

The University of Florida (UF) strawberry ( Fragaria × ananassa ) breeding program develops cultivars adapted for winter fruit production in west-central Florida. This region is the second leading production area in the United States behind coastal

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Kirk W. Pomper, Jeremiah D. Lowe, Li Lu, Sheri B. Crabtree, Shandeep Dutta, Kyle Schneider, and James Tidwell

are well-adapted for dispersal by mammals such as coyotes and raccoons ( Cypher and Cypher, 1999 ). Seed germination rates may be low in the wild due to desiccation sensitivity of the seed ( Geneve et al., 2003 ) and because pawpaw seed is killed at

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Rui Wang, Yuqing Gui, Tiejun Zhao, Masahisa Ishii, Masatake Eguchi, Hui Xu, Tianlai Li, and Yasunaga Iwasaki

conditions, plants showed a strong demand for carbohydrates, and the source-limiting was obvious ( Christiaens et al., 2016 ). In supplemental lighting treatment, variations of light environment have an effect on bud abscission ( Fudano et al., 2009 ). Tomato