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Shinsuke Agehara

and senescence ( Ferrante and Francini, 2006 ; Ursin and Bradford, 1989 ). The resulting compact growth and overall growth retardation are morphological adaptations to withstand mechanical stress, such as physical contact, vibration, and wind

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Amanda Garris, Lindsay Clark, Chris Owens, Steven McKay, James Luby, Kathy Mathiason, and Anne Fennell

). Thus, the sensitivity to environmental cues that induce growth cessation is one critical aspect of adaptation to continental climates. A better understanding of the genetic control of growth cessation and the identification of associated molecular

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Diheng Zhong, Hongmei Du, Zhaolong Wang, and Bingru Huang

; therefore, maintenance of cellular membrane integrity and stability is vital for plant adaptation to drought stress ( Anh et al., 1985 ; Monteiro De Paula et al., 1990 ). The level of cell membrane stability during drought stress depends largely on the

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Ali Akbar Ghasemi Soloklui, Ali Gharaghani, Nnadozie Oraguzie, and Armin Saed-Moucheshi

crop quality and productivity ( Thomashow, 1999 ). Fruit breeding efforts have recently focused on the development of cultivars with broader climatic adaptation (such as increased freezing tolerance for the northern regions), disease and pest resistance

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Meghyn Meeks, Ambika Chandra, and Ben G. Wherley

-tolerant cool-season turfgrass species that may offer year-round growth in these climates. Tall fescue ( Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) is one such species that displays a wide range of genetic variability and greater adaptation to heat, drought, and shade

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Rebecca L. Darnell, Bruno Casamali, and Jeffrey G. Williamson

the reasons for the strict soil requirement of cultivated blueberry, the question arises as to whether there are blueberry species that exhibit wider soil adaptation than the cultivated species. If so, there is the possibility of using such species as

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Jinyu Wang, Bo Yuan, Yi Xu, and Bingru Huang

Heat stress is detrimental to plant growth and productivity in most plants, especially in cool-season species. Plant adaptation to heat stress involves profound changes in metabolic, physiological, and molecular processes ( Wahid et al., 2007

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Guilherme Locatelli, Rafael Pio, Rayane Barcelos Bisi, Filipe Bittencourt Machado de Souza, Mariana Thereza Rodrigues Viana, Daniela da Hora Farias, Evaristo Mauro de Castro, and Carolina Ruiz Zambon

characteristics evaluated for the description of leaves of plants for adaptation to the water deficit involves the stomatal properties and water relations ( Zokaee-Khosroshahi et al., 2014 ). Analyses of genetic diversity through multivariate techniques have been

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Longxing Hu, Zehui Huang, Shuqian Liu, and Jinmin Fu

( Hulusi et al., 2007 ). Plant adaptation to salt is a complex phenomenon that may involve growth changes as well as physiological and biochemical processes ( Hare et al., 1997 ). Salinity injury to plants was attributed to lower osmotic potential (ψ S

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Sasmita Mishra, Scott Heckathorn, Jonathan Frantz, Futong Yu, and John Gray

nutrition, the specific functions for B in plants ( Blevins and Lukaszewski, 1998 ; Bolaños et al., 2004 ; Dordas and Brown, 2000 ), and the specific cellular mechanisms of, and adaptations to, B stress are not well understood ( Dordas and Brown, 2005