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Ibukun T. Ayankojo, Kelly T. Morgan, Davie M. Kadyampakeni, and Guodong D. Liu

-specific weather data. SI Vegetable estimated daily reference evapotranspiration (ETo) using the FAO Penman-Monteith procedure (Allen et al., 1998) and crop coefficient (Kc) to determine crop water requirements ( Migliaccio et al., 2016 ). At the time of scheduling

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Richard P. Marini

orchard practices. A thorough review of carbon assimilation, partitioning and budget modeling provides a strong foundation for discussions of planting systems, crop load management, nutrient and water requirements, and orchard floor management. Entire

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Reagan W. Hejl, Benjamin G. Wherley, and Charles H. Fontanier

deficit compared to consumptive water requirements for warm-season turfgrass, which have been reported to average 60% of ET o ( Wherley et al., 2015 ). Also during this time, the 1 and 2× monthly irrigation treatments received only 12% and 25% of monthly

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Michael R. Evans, Matt Taylor, and Jeff Kuehny

highest water requirement and the lowest irrigation interval. Containers such as rice hull and OP47 containers that were relatively impermeable to water and had a similar water loss rate as their plastic controls had similar water requirements and

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David L. Ehret, Brenda Frey, Tom Forge, Tom Helmer, and David R. Bryla

, after harvest. Mingeau et al. (2001) found a similar decline in water use after harvest in ‘Bluecrop’ blueberry grown in containers. Thus, it is not unreasonable to expect that older plants with larger croploads will have greater water requirements

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flora and characteristics of 258 private gardens in Spain were investigated to analyze their water requirements. More than 600 different species were identified. Garden maintenance, in addition to garden modifications, were assessed in relation to

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Shuyang Zhen, Stephanie E. Burnett, Michael E. Day, and Marc W. van Iersel

often affected by factors other than plant water needs such as labor costs, the irrigation system being used, and the way irrigation is automated. In addition, water requirements for most herbaceous perennials remain unclear. As a result of lack of

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Lee F. Johnson, Michael Cahn, Frank Martin, Forrest Melton, Sharon Benzen, Barry Farrara, and Kirk Post

humidity, and wind speed. Though ETo can help estimate crop water requirements, several barriers appear to limit full integration of ETo data into irrigation management practices. Effective use of ETo requires additional calculations to account for factors

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Amanda Bayer

negatively affect growth ( Million et al., 2007 ; Owen et al., 2008 ). Improved knowledge of plant water requirements and more efficient irrigation systems allow plants to be produced with not only RI but also reduced labor, fertilizer, pesticides, growth

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Xavier Vallverdu, Joan Girona, Gemma Echeverria, Jordi Marsal, M. Hossein Behboudian, and Gerardo Lopez

water requirements were calculated using a water balance technique to replace crop evapotranspiration (ETc) as follows: ETc = (ETo × Kc) – rainfall. ETo and Kc represent the reference evapotranspiration and crop coefficient, respectively. The Penman