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Federica Galli, Douglas D. Archbold, and Kirk W. Pomper

( Kahkonen et al., 1999 ). Maldonado et al. (2002a) reported that lignins and tannin polyphenols accumulated in pawpaw-related cherimoya ( Annona cherimola ) fruit and played an important role in the cell wall hardening observed in cold-injured fruit

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Shao-chang Qin, Juan-ling Li, Abdul Kareem, and Yong Wang

that includes polyphenols ( Tariq et al., 2010 ). Other compounds are alkaloids (caffeine, theophylline, and theobromine), amino acids, carbohydrates, proteins, chlorophyll, volatile organic compounds (chemicals that readily produce vapors and

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Young-Hwan Shin, Rui Yang, Yun-Long Shi, Xu-Min Li, Qiu-Yue Fu, Jian-Liang Lu, Jian-Hui Ye, Kai-Rong Wang, Shi-Cheng Ma, Xin-Qiang Zheng, and Yue-Rong Liang

expressions of genes involving in tea polyphenols biosynthesis in light-sensitive albino tea cultivars show different patterns from those in normal tea cultivars. Chalcone synthase (CHS) is the entry enzyme in flavonoid biosynthesis and it is a key enzyme in

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Eun Young Nam, Ji Hae Jun, Kyeong Ho Chung, Jung Hyun Kwon, Seok Kyu Yun, Ik Koo Yun, and Kang Hee Cho

National Manual for Agricultural Investigation ( RDA, 2012 ) and the International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV) guidelines for distinctness, uniformity, and stability of the apricot ( UPOV, 2011 ). Total polyphenols and total

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, and potassium increases growth and total polyphenols in bush tea Combined applications of 300 kg·ha −1 nitrogen (N300), 300 kg·ha −1 phosphorus (P300), and 200 kg·ha −1 potassium (K200) doubled the growth and total polyphenol concentrations of bush

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Magdolna Tóth, Gitta Ficzek, Ildikó Király, Szilvia Kovács, Mária Hevesi, Júlia Halász, and Zsolt Szani

for processing purposes based on its physical and chemical properties, e.g., for processing into concentrates, applesauce, and apple chips. The fruit size of ‘Hesztia’ is large, averaging 246 g. On average, the concentrations of gallic acid polyphenols

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Pavlos Tsouvaltzis, Angelos Deltsidis, and Jeffrey K. Brecht

is also confirmed by the strong correlation ( R = 0.974, P < 0.005) between these two parameters ( Table 1 ). Although chemical or enzymatic oxidations have been widely shown to cause a progressive decrease in polyphenol antioxidant properties

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Josep Rufat, Agustí J. Romero-Aroca, Amadeu Arbonés, Josep M. Villar, Juan F. Hermoso, and Miquel Pascual

studies suggest that olive oil composition depends on both irrigation and the ripening process. In this sense, total polyphenol content is related to such factors, increasing olive oil bitterness and oil stability ( Motilva et al., 2000 ; Tovar et al

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Satoru Motoki, Hiroaki Kitazawa, Tomonori Kawabata, Hiroaki Sakai, Ken-ichi Matsushima, and Yasunori Hamauzu

three asparagus cultivars harvested in spring J. Jpn. Soc. Hort. Sci. 80 76 81 Kohmura, H. Watanabe, Y. 2005 Growth, yield, quality and polyphenol content of purple asparagus ‘Purple Passion’ on mother stalk cultivation method Kinki Chugoku Shikoku Agr

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Charles Benbrook

, carbohydrates, calories, and vitamin and mineral levels). In particular, an array of polyphenols, flavonoids, and antioxidants are clearly of great importance in promoting healthy growth and in preventing disease, including the neurological diseases of aging