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Fumiomi Takeda, D. Michael Glenn, and Gary W. Stutte

The fall-to-winter strawberry production system in the mid-Atlantic coast region combines the new technologies for containerized nursery (plug) plant production with the protected culture system ( Takeda, 1999 ). Short-day strawberry cultivars

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R.G. Linderman and E.A. Davis

and contaminant barrier filters. Jars were then autoclaved twice with an overnight cooling period between treatments. Thirty 6-mm-diameter mycelial plugs of a desired isolate were transferred aseptically from 14-d-old agar culture plates to each glass

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Antonio Pompeiano, Nicola Grossi, and Marco Volterrani

color. The aim of this study was to evaluate 10 genotypes of zoysiagrass established from plugs, assessing differences in establishment rate, winter color retention, and biometric traits in a Mediterranean area. Materials and methods Ten zoysiagrass

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Bhaskar Bondada

occurs after fertilization ( Greenberg, 1996 ). It may also result indirectly as a non-physiological cell death after the loss of their supply of nutrients and sugars as a result of inactivation of the phloem pathway ensuing from plugging of sieve plates

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Guoqiang Wang, Ping Qu, Hongying Huang, Guofeng Wu, and Haijun Yan

insufficient root development and root plug cohesion ( Boudreault et al., 2014 ). Good root development contributes substantially to the optimal quality of plug seedlings. In the process of handling and planting seedlings with a firm root plug are important for

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Orville C. Baldos, Joseph DeFrank, and Glenn Sakamoto

(Hoolehua NRCS PMC germplasm no. 9079806) plugs were prepared by planting seeds in 72-cell plastic trays filled with potting mix (ProMix ‘BX’/Mycorise® Pro; Premier Tech Horticulture, Quakertown, PA). The tropical fimbry seeded into trays were allowed to

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Ramsey Sealy, Michael R. Evans, and Craig Rothrock

) for 21 d. After the culture period, 5-mm-diameter plugs of growth medium containing the pathogens were placed into sterile 15-cm-diameter petri dishes containing 10 mL of 60% clarified V-8 broth nutrient solution ( Erwin and Ribeiro, 1996 ) with or

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James R. Ballington, Barclay Poling, and Kerry Olive

production option (double-cropping) with conditioned plugs ( Fernandez and Ballington, 2003 ), Straw (2005) observes that “recovering production costs in the fall” may be an important way to reduce risks associated with annual strawberry plasticulture

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Johshin Tsuruyama and Toshio Shibuya

Plug transplants of strawberry have been replacing traditional bare-root transplants despite their higher costs because the newer approach can reduce the incidence of soilborne disease and improve transplant quality under a controlled environment

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Alicain S. Carlson and John M. Dole

be transplanted successfully is essential to obtain quality plants and reduce production costs ( Cavins and Dole, 2001 ; van Iersel, 1997 ). Although it may be more economical to leave plants in plug trays for as long as possible before transplanting