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Giedrė Samuolienė, Akvilė Urbonavičiūtė, Pavelas Duchovskis, Zenonas Bliznikas, Pranciškus Vitta, and Artūras Žukauskas

phytochrome and metabolic products of photosynthesis. The physiologically active form of phytochrome (P fr ), which is activated by red light, stimulates gene expression of NR on the transcriptional level ( Rajasekhar et al., 1988 ). An indirect effect of

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Guo-qing Song, Hideo Honda, and Ken-ichi Yamaguchi

/b binding protein family were found to be expressed in leaf tissue ( Piechulla et al., 1991 ). Rice phytochrome was found biologically active in transgenic tobacco ( Nicotiana tabacum L.) ( Kay et al., 1989 ). The chlorophyll a/b binding protein of

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Jasmine Jenji Mah, David Llewellyn, and Youbin Zheng

Sequential light programs shape kale ( Brassica napus ) sprout appearance and alter metabolic and nutrient content Hort. Res. 1 1 13 Casal, J.J. Smith, H. 1989 The “end-of-day” phytochrome control of internode elongation in mustard: Kinetics, interaction with

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A. Maaike Wubs, Ep Heuvelink, Leo F.M. Marcelis, Gerhard H. Buck-Sorlin, and Jan Vos

( Girault et al., 2008 ). Changing red:far-red ratio affects the phytochrome status ( Franklin and Whitelam, 2005 ). The contrast between the current findings (no effect of red:far-red at bud level on budbreak) to literature reporting decreased budbreak when

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Garry G. Gordon, Wheeler G. Foshee III, Stewart T. Reed, James E. Brown, and Edgar L. Vinson III

). Phytochrome is the photoreceptor responsible for light-regulated growth responses. The phytochrome molecule is a dissolvable chromoprotein with subunits that are made up of a linear tetrapryrrole chromophore covalently linked to a polypeptide of 120 to 127

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Qinglu Ying, Yun Kong, and Youbin Zheng

eliciting shade-avoidance responses through phytochromes ( Park and Runkle, 2017 ). Under a background lighting with BR (20% B and 80% R; B 20 R 80 ) at a PPFD of 130 µmol·m −2 ·s −1 , adding FR with increased levels from ≈12 to 149 µmol·m −2 ·s −1 (i

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Samuel Contreras, Mark A. Bennett, James D. Metzger, and David Tay

following PM; 6 d after PM, seeds were ≈8.5% water content, which was maintained until harvest ( Fig. 4 ). The light requirement for lettuce seed germination is mediated by the action of phytochrome, a soluble protein found in two interconvertible forms

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Heidi Marie Wollaeger and Erik S. Runkle

photosynthetic photon flux ( PPF ) of 160 µmol·m −2 ·s –1 . The subscript values after each LED type represent its percentage of the total PPF , and values in parentheses are the estimated phytochrome photoequilibrium ( Sager et al., 1988 ). Table 1. Actual air

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Amanda Garris, Lindsay Clark, Chris Owens, Steven McKay, James Luby, Kathy Mathiason, and Anne Fennell

( VvFt) were based on published sequence ( Sreekantan and Thomas, 2006 ). Markers for phytochrome A ( VvPHYA ), phytochrome B ( VvPHYB ), phytochrome C ( VvPHYC ), phytochrome E ( VvPHYE ), cryptochrome 1 ( VvCRY1 ), and CONSTANS ( VvCO ) were based on

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Neda Keyhaninejad, Richard D. Richins, and Mary A. O’Connell

). Phytochrome regulates expression of phytoene synthase, a key step on the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway in tomato fruit ( Alba et al., 2000 ; Schofield and Paliyath, 2005 ). Similar results were observed for carotenoids in pepper leaves ( Simkin et al., 2003