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Katherine M. Solo, Sara B. Collins, Madalyn K. Shires, Ron Ochoa, Gary R. Bauchan, Liesel G. Schneider, Alan Henn, James C. Jacobi, Jean L. Williams-Woodward, M.R. Hajimorad, Frank A. Hale, John B. Wilkerson, Alan S. Windham, Kevin L. Ong, Mathews L. Paret, Xavier Martini, David H. Byrne, and Mark T. Windham

, 1983 ) and movement of infected plant material. Eriophyid mites can use wind currents to disperse long distances to new locations ( Galvao et al., 2012 ; Lindquist and Oldfield, 1996 ; Zhao and Amrine, 1997 ). The relationship between virus and vector

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E. Barclay Poling

from North American farms producing strawberry plants. For a workshop that had the primary goal of identifying management strategies to help nursery growers minimize the potential of selling disease-infected transplants to fruit growers, I believe we

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Li Xiang, Lei Zhao, Mei Wang, Junxia Huang, Xuesen Chen, Chengmiao Yin, and Zhiquan Mao

maintain the normal redox state of cells. When pathogens infect plants, ROS are produced and rapidly burst ( Dodds and Rathjen, 2010 ; Dou and Zhou, 2012 ). Common ROS are hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ) and superoxide radicals (O 2 · - ) among others

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Kalpana Sharma, Erica Goss, and Ariena H.C. van Bruggen

). It is estimated that a substantial percentage of exotic pests and pathogens arriving at U.S. ports of entry along with ornamental plant imports is missed because plants may be infected but may not express symptoms; fungicides may suppress disease

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Sephra N. Rampersad

Verticillium dahliae (Kleb.) is a destructive soilborne pathogen that infects many economically important agricultural crops worldwide. Wilt caused by V. dahliae is difficult to control because the fungus can survive in the soil as

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Honglin Chen, Shawn A. Mehlenbacher, and David C. Smith

severe cankers, rapid yield loss, and eventually tree death in 5 to 12 years if control measures are not practiced ( Pinkerton et al., 1993 ). Control practices include pruning of infected branches and fungicide applications. However, because of the

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Yuval Cohen, Stanley Freeman, Aida Zveibil, Rachel Ben Zvi, Yaakov Nakache, Shimon Biton, and Victoria Soroker

drops in orchards in the northern Dead Sea region during 2005 to 2009. As part of our study, the Fusarium proliferatum strains isolated from infected tissue (see subsequently) were found to be sensitive to the fungicide prochloraz, which

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Chen Chen, Meng-Ke Zhang, Kang-Di Hu, Ke-Ke Sun, Yan-Hong Li, Lan-Ying Hu, Xiao-Yan Chen, Ying Yang, Feng Yang, Jun Tang, He-Ping Liu, and Hua Zhang

virulence of A. niger on fruit, spores were inoculated on chinese white pear fruit. As shown in ( Fig. 6A and B ), after being infected by A. niger , the lesion diameter caused by A. niger increased gradually. However, lesion diameter caused by Δ sodC

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David R. Bryla and Robert G. Linderman

; Duniway, 1979 ). In controlled studies, Sterne et al. (1977a , 1977b) found that P. cinnamomi was highly infective in saturated to nearly saturated sandy loam soil but was inhibited almost completely in drier soil with a matric potential of −25 kPa

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Alfredo Reyes-Tena, Arturo Castro-Rocha, Gerardo Rodríguez-Alvarado, Gerardo Vázquez-Marrufo, Martha Elena Pedraza-Santos, Kurt Lamour, John Larsen, and Sylvia Patricia Fernández-Pavía

and can infect the roots, crown, stem, and fruits ( Barchenger et al., 2018a ; García-Rodríguez et al., 2010 ; Glosier et al., 2008 ; Lamour and Hausbeck, 2002 ). In Mexico, P . capsici primarily attacks the roots, and foliar blight is rare in