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Gerry Henry Neilsen, Denise Neilsen, and Linda Herbert

long established, from broadcast N fertilization studies, that increasing the rate of N application can increase yield but adversely affect fruit quality by decreasing fruit color and firmness ( Oberly and Boynton, 1966 ). Much less information is

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Zhe Cao, Shunzhao Sui, Qian Yang, and Zhanao Deng

hybridizations between elite cultivars or breeding lines. In recent years, significant efforts have been made to understand the mode of inheritance of several important caladium foliar traits, including leaf shape, main vein color, leaf spotting, and leaf

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Pavlos Tsouvaltzis, Angelos Deltsidis, and Jeffrey K. Brecht

innermost slices from each tuber were halved; thus, two pieces were obtained from each slice. Pieces were rinsed twice with deionized water for 30 s each. Moisture on the surface of the pieces was removed by blotting with paper towels, the color was measured

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Gregor Osterc, Maja Mikulic Petkovsek, Franci Stampar, Biljana Kiprovski, Blanka Ravnjak, and Joze Bavcon

( Bavcon, 2009 ). The flower color of common cyclamen varies from pale washed-out pink to very deep rose pink or carmine; sometimes whitish flowers also appear, although pure white flowers are very rare ( Bavcon, 2009 , 2013 ; Bavcon and Ravnjak, 2015

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Pei Xu, Tingting Hu, Yuejian Yang, Xiaohua Wu, Baogen Wang, Yonghua Liu, Dehui Qin, Jeffrey Ehlers, Timothy Close, Zhongfu Lu, and Guojing Li

legumes including cowpea. Cowpea seeds with brown or white coat color are preferred in many African regions ( Drabo et al., 1987 ; Langyintuo et al., 2003 ). Leleji (1972) reported that bumble bees and honeybees show significantly preferred visitation

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Chen-Yi Hung, John R. Murray, Sarah M. Ohmann, and Cindy B.S. Tong

The color of red potato tubers is due to an accumulation of anthocyanins in periderm and peripheral cortex tissues. The objective of this study was to characterize changes in anthocyanin content and tuber surface color during tuber development. Using the red tuber-producing potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivar Norland, we observed that chroma (intensity of redness) and anthocyanin content per unit of surface area of greenhouse-grown tubers decreased as tuber weight increased. There was no increase in hue (tint) during the same developmental periods. Using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), we determined that pelargonidin and peonidin are the major anthocyanidins (aglycones of anthocyanins) in the tuber periderm. Northern blot analyses indicated that steady-state mRNA levels of dihydroflavonol reductase (DFR), an anthocyanin biosynthetic enzyme, continued throughout tuber development. These results suggest that anthocyanins are synthesized throughout tuber development, and that cell division and/or enlargement contribute to a decline in chroma and anthocyanin concentration.

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J. Steven Brown, Raymond J. Schnell, Tomás Ayala-Silva, J. Michael Moore, Cecile L. Tondo, and Michael C. Winterstein

, mango color is an important factor in consumer choice ( Campbell and Campbell, 2002 ; Litz and Lavi, 1997 ), and mangos overlaid with red are especially valued both in fruit consumed in Florida and in fruits shipped to northern markets. In the past, the

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Juan Carlos Díaz-Pérez, Kelly St. John, Mohammad Yamin Kabir, J. Alberto Alvarado-Chávez, Ania M. Cutiño-Jiménez, Jesús Bautista, Gunawati Gunawan, and Savithri U. Nambeesan

yield, postharvest transpiration, color, chemical composition, and antioxidant activity. Materials and Methods The study was conducted at the Horticulture Farm, University of Georgia (UGA), Tifton, GA, during the spring seasons of 2015 and 2016. The soil

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Thierry Pascal, Fred Pfeiffer, and Jocelyne Kervella

resistance to the green peach aphid ( Pascal et al., 2002 ), scored for red or green leaf color, and pruned before artificial inoculation by S. pannosa once they developed succulent shoots. Initially, the inoculum source derived from the populations endemic

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Jing-jing Zhao, Xun Chen, Li-juan Fan, and Ling Wang

et al., 2014 ; Shang and Wang, 2014 ). Wild resources of I. sanguinea are abundant, but the color is mainly blue violet ( Wang et al., 2016 ). Therefore, the improvement of flower color has become one of the interests in breeding of I. sanguinea