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Brian P. Pellerin, Deborah Buszard, Alex Georgallas, and Richard J. Nowakowski

year ( Fulford, 1966 ). ‘Wealthy’, a strongly biennial cultivar, requires a minimum distance of 15 to 25 cm between individual flower clusters, approximately equivalent to 40 flower clusters/m 3 of canopy volume, to maintain regular yields ( Bobb and

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Lorenzo León, Raúl de la Rosa, Diego Barranco, and Luis Rallo

genotypes according to vigor was very similar with the different vigor measurements evaluated (trunk cross-sectional area, canopy area, and canopy volume), because of the close relationship between these vigor measurements (correlation coefficients higher

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Joan Tous, Agustí Romero, Juan F. Hermoso, Antònia Ninot, Joan Plana, and Ignasi Batlle

the budding point, and the canopy volume), growth habit (erect, open, or weeping), precocity (first year after budding with a crop of over 1.5 kg/tree and the first six cumulated crops), annual and cumulative pod production and kernel yield (kilograms

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Gerry H. Neilsen, Denise Neilsen, Frank Kappel, Peter Toivonen, and Linda Herbert

summer stomatal conductance readings and were sufficient to reduce TCSA (and by inference, canopy volume) of I2 trees to ≈60% of I1 trees by the end of 2008, 3 years after treatment imposition. It is therefore implied that on coarse-textured, rapidly

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T. Gregory McCollum and C. Jack Hearn

.1 m wide with normal upright growth habit ( Fig. 2 ) yielding a canopy volume of 32.7 m 3 . Scion circumference for ‘US Early Pride’ 10 cm above the graft union on ‘Swingle’ rootstock was 55 cm; ‘Swingle’ rootstock circumference 10 cm below the graft

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Jeffrey G. Williamson and D. Scott NeSmith

treatment application. The number of flowers that developed on new growth (Expt. 1); canopy volume (Expt. 2); and leaf, stem, root, and total dry plant weights were determined at the end of one growing season. Completely random designs with five (Expt. 1) or

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Bielinski M. Santos

status in certain crops ( Azia and Stewart, 2001 ; Himelrick et al., 1993 ; Ruiz-Espinoza et al., 2010 ). Growth index is an indirect measurement of plant biomass production and performance and uses either plant canopy volume or stem elongation as basis

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Rosana Moreno, Diego S. Intrigliolo, Carlos Ballester, Cruz Garcerá, Enrique Moltó, and Patricia Chueca

: rootstock, location, tree age, planting framework, canopy volume, harvest time, and days from application to harvest. The experimental design and treatments (applications of ethephon and harvesting) are described in detail in the work of Moreno et al. (2015

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Joan Lordan, Miquel Pascual, Francisco Fonseca, Víctor Montilla, Josep Papió, Josep Rufat, and Josep M. Villar

mounted in satellites, aerial vehicles, or tractors ( Mulla, 2013 ). Among them, light detection and ranging (LiDAR) technology has arisen as a precise tool to estimate the canopy volume of fruit trees ( Pallejà et al., 2010 ). Although this technology is

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Alisson P. Kovaleski, Rebecca L. Darnell, Bruno Casamali, and Jeffrey G. Williamson

. This may be an effect of the decreased canopy volume in the heavy pruned plants compared with moderate and nonpruned plants ( Kovaleski et al., 2015a ). Although Salvo et al. (2012) concluded that the number of inflorescence buds per plant is the most