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P.M.A. Toivonen and C.R. Hampson

temperature conditioning treatment in the belief that a warming of the fruit before cutting might reduce damage incurred during the cutting process. This practice is based on existing knowledge of the differing sensitivity of apple cultivars to bruising injury

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Stephen J. Stringer, Donna A. Marshall, Blair J. Sampson, and James M. Spiers

. 15 and 16 ). Greater berry firmness is also important in reducing the incidence of fruit bruising at harvest and during transport, and ultimately results in greater storage quality. Measurements of berry firmness ranged from 163.4 g·mm −1 on fruit

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R. Karina Gallardo, Eugene Kupferman, and Ann Colonna

conducted to assess the treatments aimed at ensuring a consistent optimal quality supply while simultaneously reducing collateral manipulation costs such as the risk of bruising or general damage during transit or storage. Literature Cited Carew, R. 2000 A

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Katie Ellis, Tara Auxt Baugher, and Karen Lewis

fillers and harvest-assist machine designs that reduce fruit bruising. As CASC continues, further case studies will reveal if grower feedback and the project's subsequent evolution truly worked to change adoption rates. Literature cited Adrian, A

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Manoj G. Kulkarni, Glendon D. Ascough, and Johannes Van Staden

Chemical composition and physical properties of pericarp, locule and placental tissues of tomatoes with internal bruising J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 123 656 660 Nagata, M. Yamashita, I. 1992 Simple method for simultaneous determination of chlorophyll and

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R. Karina Gallardo, Eric T. Stafne, Lisa Wasko DeVetter, Qi Zhang, Charlie Li, Fumiomi Takeda, Jeffrey Williamson, Wei Qiang Yang, William O. Cline, Randy Beaudry, and Renee Allen

packing lines, having better technology to remove soft fruit is a high priority. Internal bruising caused by impact trauma concerned 58% of all respondents. Better technology to remove green fruit was important to 30% of respondents and 37% wanted improved

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Togo M. Traore, Deacue Fields, Floyd M. Woods, Amy N. Wright, Kenneth M. Tilt, Weidong Ke, and Yiman Liu

before the consumer taste panel determination. Lotus rhizomes were rinsed and care was taken to minimize bruising before further food preparation. Lotus rhizomes are particularly susceptible to enzymatic browning as the result of mechanical wounding

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Jesús A. Gil-Ribes, Louise Ferguson, Sergio Castro-Garcia, and Gregorio L. Blanco-Rodán

detachment forces, or a flesh that was not susceptible to bruising ( Peterson, 2005 ). Tree improvement could also include grafting existing cultivars on rootstocks that produce the above changes in the scions. Breeding is how most major improvements in tree

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Mekjell Meland, Oddmund Frøynes, and Clive Kaiser

fruit extremely susceptible to postharvest rots. ‘Riga’ fruit pedicels were also relatively short, making harvesting difficult. Fruit was extremely susceptible to bruising and subsequent flesh discoloration but when handled carefully, it was possible to

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David Douches, Walter Pett, Diedrich Visser, Joseph Coombs, Kelly Zarka, Kimberly Felcher, Gurling Bothma, Johan Brink, Muffy Koch, and Hector Quemada

/glassiness, and no hollow heart or internal brown spot. Less than 10% of the tubers had internal bruising and ≈50% of the tubers had perceptible vascular discoloration. Tuber quality was also similar for ‘Spunta’ and ‘SpuntaG2’. The average specific gravity for