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Jaume Lordan, Anna Wallis, Poliana Francescatto, and Terence L. Robinson

DeMarree, 1992 ). Location is another key factor that determines orchard success; for instance, localized weather of a site can enhance biotic stresses favoring diseases such as fire blight ( Erwinia amylovora Burill) or winter damage, compromising orchard

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Wenjing Guan, Xin Zhao, Richard Hassell, and Judy Thies

fireblight (caused by Erwinia amylovora ) and the other susceptible to fireblight, were examined using cDNA amplified fragment length polymorphism. Interestingly, scions grafted onto the resistant rootstock showed increased expression of stress-related genes

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Gennaro Fazio, Yizhen Wan, Dariusz Kviklys, Leticia Romero, Richard Adams, David Strickland, and Terence Robinson

et al., 2009 ), fire blight ( Erwinia amylovora ) resistance ( Gardiner et al., 2012 ), and absorption and translocation of nutrients by apple roots ( Fazio et al., 2012a , 2013 ). Better, publicly available molecular markers associated with dwarfing

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S. Laywisadkul, C.F. Scagel, L.H. Fuchigami, and R.G. Linderman

blight caused by Erwinia amylovora ( Frecon, 1982 ), and Septoria tritici ( Simon et al., 2003 ) and Fusarium head blight caused by F. graminearum and F. culmorum on wheat [ Triticum aestivum ( Lemmens et al., 2004 )]. Our results suggest that

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Lauren Fessler, Amy Fulcher, Dave Lockwood, Wesley Wright, and Heping Zhu

fire blight [ Erwinia amylovora (Burrill) Winslow et al.] ( Jones and Benson, 2001 ; Sutton et al., 2014 ), and insects, including trunk and shoot borers ( Frank et al., 2013 ; Seagraves et al., 2013 ). As a consequence, growers traditionally applied

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Sheng Li, Feng Wu, Yongping Duan, Ariel Singerman, and Zhengfei Guan

-term sustainability. Literature Cited Aćimović, S.G. Zeng, Q. McGhee, G.C. Sundin, G.W. Wise, J.C. 2015 Control of fire blight ( Erwinia amylovora ) on apple trees with trunk-injected plant resistance inducers and antibiotics and assessment of induction of

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Li Xiang, Lei Zhao, Mei Wang, Junxia Huang, Xuesen Chen, Chengmiao Yin, and Zhiquan Mao

.M. Kim, J.F. Beer, S.V. 2006 PR genes of apple: Identification and expression in response to elicitors and inoculation with Erwinia amylovora BMC Plant Biol. 6 23 doi: 10.1186/1471-2229-6-23 10.1186/1471-2229-6-23 Cao, J.J. Yu, Z

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Li Ma, Chang Wei Hou, Xin Zhong Zhang, Hong Li Li, De Guo Han, Yi Wang, and Zhen Hai Han

apple rootstocks to Erwinia amylovora Plant Dis. 87 26 32 10.1094/PDIS.2003.87.1.26 Parry, M.S. Rogers, W.S. 1968 Dwarfing interstocks: Their effect on the field performance and anchorage of apple trees J. Hort. Sci. 43 133 146 10

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Ksenija Gasic, John E. Preece, and David Karp

; resistant to fire blight ( Erwinia amylovora ) and apple scab. Kizuri. Aromatic, sweet, dense-textured apple. Origin: Better3Fruit, Heverlee, Belgium, by I. De Wit, H. Eyssen, J. Keulemans, J. Nicolaï, and P. Van Laer. Golden Delicious × NY75413

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Chad E. Finn and John R. Clark

Honeycrisp; stores 60–80 d. Tree: moderate vigor; somewhat pendant and open habit; average to above resistance to apple scab (more than McIntosh and less than Honeycrisp), average fire blight ( Erwinia amylovora ) resistance. Zari. Early season