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Michelle L. Paynter, Joanne De Faveri, and Mark E. Herrington

strategy. Varietal field screenings for susceptibility to fusarium wilt began in 2002 at Maroochy Research Facility, Nambour, Queensland. Screening of cultivars in Fof -infested field plots identified large variation in cultivar response. Assessed on a 0

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Bhaskar Bondada

of seed tannins was intact ( Fig. 2C ). The most prominent characteristic of the seed surface was polygonal (almost hexagonal) reticulum (network) formed by epidermal cells with thick cell walls ( Fig. 2D–E ). Fig. 1. Photographs of a ( A ) healthy

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D. Michael Jackson, Howard F. Harrison, Robert L. Jarret, and Phillip A. Wadl

sweetpotatoes has lagged behind the development of new genomic tools for this crop ( Kim et al., 2016 ; Wadl et al., 2018 ). It is important to link genomic information (genotype) with useful characteristics (phenotype) in a sweetpotato breeding program. For

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Tiantian Zhao, Wenxu Ma, Qinghua Ma, Zhen Yang, Lisong Liang, Guixi Wang, and Lujun Wang

species, C. heterophylla and C. kweichowensi s share a number of similar traits, and there is not a consensus among taxonomists that these two are distinct species. Based on morphological characteristics ( Fig. 1 ), some taxonomists considered C

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Geoffrey C. Denny, Michael A. Arnold, and Wayne A. Mackay

particular territory to which it has become adapted through natural selection” ( Zobel and Talbert, 1984 ). Provenances can be determined by numerous characteristics of the geographical origin, including latitude, altitude, precipitation, temperature, soil

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Yutaka Mimura, Masami Yoshikawa, and Masashi Hirai

pepper, C. annuum cv. California Wonder, was included as a susceptible control for the pathogenicity test ( Peter et al., 1984 ). Table 1. Pepper accessions tested for resistance to bacterial wilt and their characteristics. Bacterial

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Inmaculada Moreno-Alías, Hava F. Rapoport, Rafael López, Lorenzo León, and Raúl de la Rosa

importance of height as an early plant characteristic in olive seedling growth is consistent with reports of seedling vigor, closely related to plant height, in other fruit trees species. In apple, Zagaja and Faust (1983) reported that low plant vigor

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Antonia Y. Tetteh, Todd C. Wehner, and Angela R. Davis

-ARS Watermelon Germplasm Collection Crop Sci. 50 933 939 Tetteh, A.Y. Wehner, T.C. Davis, A.R. 2013 Inheritance of resistance to the new race of powdery mildew in watermelon Crop Sci. 53 880 887 Tomason, Y. Gibson, P.T. 2006 Fungal characteristics and varietal

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Elzbieta U. Kozik and Todd C. Wehner

tolerance of watermelon seedlings to chilling temperatures. Literature Cited Aoki, S. Oda, M. Hosino, K. 1989 Varietal differences in chilling-induced depression of photosynthesis and leaf growth in cucumber seedlings J. Jpn. Soc. Hort. Sci. 58 173 179 Aoki

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Jules Janick

inheritance of acquired characteristics proposed by Jean-Baptiste Lamarck was to have an important role when for political reasons the concept of changing inheritance by nurture was considered to have fit communist ideology. As a result, modern genetics