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Tamara Wynne and Dale Devitt

challenging and requires using such techniques as drainage flux meters ( Devitt et al., 2018 ), chloride balance ( Devitt, 1989 ), or large in situ lysimeters ( Sun et al., 2012 ). ET of turfgrass has been extensively studied over the past 70 years ( Bowman

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Kun Jia, Michelle DaCosta, and J. Scott Ebdon

establishment vigor of cool-season grasses compared with more favorable soil temperatures of 20 to 30 °C ( He et al., 2013 ; Liu et al., 2001 ; McGinnies, 1960 ; Wright et al., 1978 ). Delayed growth from slow to emerge turfgrass plants can reduce competition

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Keenan Amundsen and Scott Warnke

The bentgrasses ( Agrostis spp.) are important species to the turfgrass industry because of their ability to form a dense, high-quality turf at low mowing heights. There are between 150 and 200 species of Agrostis ( Harvey, 2007 ), and the

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Xunzhong Zhang, Wenli Wu, Erik H. Ervin, Chao Shang, and Kim Harich

Pessarakli, 2010 ; Sun et al., 2015 ). Turfgrasses increasingly experience salt stress because of the accelerated salinization of agricultural lands and increasing demand on the use of reclaimed or other secondary saline water for irrigation of turfgrass

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Patrick Burgess and Bingru Huang

abundance responding to interactive effects of drought and CO 2 in leaves of creeping bentgrass, widely used as fine turfgrass, with a goal to suggest potential metabolic factors regulated by elevated CO 2 contributing to improved drought tolerance

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Y.L. Qian, J.M. Fu, S.J. Wilhelm, D. Christensen, and A.J. Koski

salinity problems in many urbanized areas of the western United States ( Carrow and Duncan, 1998 ; Qian and Mecham, 2005 ). Turfgrass managers are struggling to produce quality turf on sites with high salinity and irrigated with marginal-quality water

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Tyler Cooper, Leslie L. Beck, Chase M. Straw, and Gerald M. Henry

Bermudagrass is the primary warm-season turfgrass species grown in the United States ( Christians, 2011 ). Common to home lawns, athletic fields, and golf courses, bermudagrass is adapted to the southern and central regions of the transition zone

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Kurt Steinke, David R. Chalmers, Richard H. White, Charles H. Fontanier, James C. Thomas, and Benjamin G. Wherley

tended to result in shorter root systems and increased susceptibility to water stress ( Qian et al., 1997 ; White et al., 1993 ). The onset of limited soil moisture triggers a host of physiological actions within turfgrass plants. Increased levels of

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Michelle DaCosta and Bingru Huang

drought survival and recovery for turfgrasses ( Henson and Turner, 1991 ; Pekic et al., 1995 ; Wang and Huang, 2003 ; Wang et al., 2003 ). Understanding hormonal changes associated with turfgrass tolerance to drought stress may provide further insight

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Anne M. Lockett, Dale A. Devitt, and Robert L. Morris

profiles, and increased levels of turfgrass stress ( Devitt et al., 2004 ). As such, we initiated a long-term monitoring program to address these concerns, many of which have already been reported on ( Devitt et al., 2004 , 2005 , 2007 ). In this article