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Stephanie J. Walker

In New Mexico, paprika is the term describing New Mexico-type red chile cultivars that are high in extractable pigment (greater than 180) American Spice Trade Association (ASTA) units and low in heat (pungency) [less than 700 Scoville heat units

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Stephanie J. Walker and Paul A. Funk

, 2004 ). The level of pigmentation, or extractable color, is measured through a spectrophotometric method developed by the American Spice Trade Association ( ASTA, 1985 ) and reported in ASTA color units. A red chile sample with 180 ASTA would exhibit a

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Chaowei Song, Qi Wang, Jaime A. Teixeira da Silva, and Xiaonan Yu

, geraniol, and linalool in the development and utilization of foods, drinks such as peony tea or peony wine, spices, and other natural additives. Herbaceous peony flowers are a rich source of natural antioxidants and contain anthocyanins, flavonoids, and

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Paul W. Bosland

Bosland, P.W. Walker, S. 2005 Growing chiles in New Mexico Cooperative Ext. Guide H-230 Bosland, P.W. Votava, E. 1999 Peppers: Vegetable and spice capsicums CAB International Wallingford, UK

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Sofia Flores, Marlon Retana-Cordero, Paul R. Fisher, Rosanna Freyre, and Celina Gómez

Spice consumption in the United States is rising, partly because of demand from an increasingly ethnically diverse population ( Nguyen et al., 2019 ; USDA, 2008 ). Ginger ( Zingiber officinale ) and turmeric ( Curcuma longa ) are popular

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Yaser Hassan Dewir, Abdullah Alsadon, Abdullah Ibrahim, and Mohammed El-Mahrouk

Saffron ( Crocus sativus ) is a geophyte perennial plant from the family Iridaceae with underground soft corms. It is a valuable crop that has been cultivated as a spice for at least 3,500 years. The name “saffron” comes originally from the Arabic

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Jack E. McCoy and Paul W. Bosland

Chile peppers ( Capsicum sp.) are a widely cultivated crop that is a staple in the diet of many cultures worldwide and is used as a vegetable, spice, ornamental, and medicinal plant ( Bosland and Votava, 2012 ). There are five domesticated species

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. Downy Mildew on Seeds of Resistant Basil Species Wyenandt et al. (p. 637) report that the causal organism of basil downy mildew was detected on seeds of downy mildew-susceptible sweet basil varieties, but also on seeds of spice basil, lemon basil, holy

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Myounghai Kwak, Jeong-Ki Hong, Eun Sil Lee, Byoung Yoon Lee, Min Hwan Suh, and Bert Cregg

intense selection of mutations ( Auders and Spicer, 2012 ). Interestingly, the dissemination of A . koreana from its country of origin was started by two French priests, Urban Faurie and Emile Joseph Taquet, who collected A . koreana for herbarium

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John Erwin, Tanveer Hussein, and David J. Baumler

peppers becoming a globally important fresh vegetable (fruit) and spice crop that is now consumed by nearly one-quarter of the world’s population, with fresh and dry pepper production reaching 32.2 and 3.8 million tons annually, respectively, in 2014 ( FAO