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Catherine M. Grieve, James A. Poss, Peter J. Shouse, and Christy T. Carter

As water quality and quantity become more limited in many parts of the world, creative management approaches are sought to make more efficient use of degraded, generally saline, waters. The reuse of runoff from floricultural production represents

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Sheng Chen, Zhenchang Wang, Zhanyu Zhang, Xiangping Guo, Mengyang Wu, Ghulam Rasool, Rangjian Qiu, and Xiaojun Wang

associated with a low Ca 2+ concentration in the fruit tissue ( Ho and White, 2005 ). Overirrigation with fresh or brackish water before planting is a common practice for growing crops in areas with high salinity ( Dong et al., 2010 ). Using this approach

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Genhua Niu, Terri Starman, and David Byrne

In arid and semiarid regions, high-quality water supply is often limited and soil salinity is often high as a result of low rainfall and high evapotranspiration. With a rapid increase in urban populations, the intense competition for high

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M. Kate Lee and Marc W. van Iersel

Salinity tolerance of greenhouse plants is of increasing importance as a result of the decreasing availability of high-quality irrigation water. In coastal areas, the availability of high-quality irrigation water is threatened as a result of

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Sharon J.B. Knewtson, Rhonda Janke, M.B. Kirkham, Kimberly A. Williams, and Edward E. Carey

useful as a survey tool. Chemical indicators of soil quality include measurement of salinity. A combination of excessive fertilizer applications, irrigation, and poor drainage can induce salinity ( Brady and Weil, 1999 ), so in some high tunnels, it may

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Yi Zhang, Xiao-Hui Hu, Yu Shi, Zhi-Rong Zou, Fei Yan, Yan-Yan Zhao, Hao Zhang, and Jiu-Zhou Zhao

Salinity-alkalinity mixed stress is becoming one of the most serious environmental restrictions on plant production. It causes intracellular ionic imbalance, low osmotic potential (ψ S ), membrane dysfunction, attenuation of metabolic activity, and

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Genhua Niu, Denise S. Rodriguez, and Lissie Aguiniga

, industry, and recreational users has promoted the use of alternative water sources for irrigation. These sources include recycled water, treated effluents, and saline ground (well) waters that contain relatively high levels of soluble salts. Soil salinity

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Haifeng Xing, Julie Hershkowitz, Asmita Paudel, Youping Sun, Ji Jhong Chen, Xin Dai, and Matthew Chappell

Saline soils affect more than 800 million ha of land worldwide, which equates to more than 6% of total arable land area ( Muchate et al., 2016 ; Munns, 2005 ). This trend continues as new fertile and productive soils are heavily cropped and

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Pedro García-Caparrós, Alfonso Llanderal, and María Teresa Lao

the world, in part, due to increased salinity in both soil and water ( Cassaniti et al., 2013 ). This is the case for the southeastern coastal areas of Spain where there is high water salinity due to saltwater intrusion into some groundwater aquifers

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Genhua Niu, Pedro Osuna, Youping Sun, and Denise S. Rodriguez

Soil salinization is a global concern, especially in arid and semiarid regions with large and growing populations. It is becoming even more intense because high-quality irrigation water is limited and alternative water sources such as municipal