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Dave I. Thompson, Neil O. Anderson, and Johannes Van Staden

relative to controls, and seedlings were examined for other aberrant phenotypic character expression viz. localized organ necrosis, root definition and elongation, leaf definition, and overall growth rate. Seedling mortality was also recorded. After

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Doron Holland, Irit Bar-Ya’akov, and Kamel Hatib

shapes, single or clustered. Fully developed flowers consist of hermaphrodite with fully developed reproductive organ flowers (vase-shaped), male flowers with poorly developed or undeveloped reproductive organs (bell-shaped), and variable stages between

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Chunqing Sun, Zhihu Ma, Zhenchao Zhang, Guosheng Sun, and Zhongliang Dai

reproductive barriers makes it difficult to obtain the hybrids and influences the utilization of excellent traits from tropical water lilies. Few studies have been taken to investigate the cross barriers in water lily; therefore, the factors affecting seed set

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Chen Xingwei, Thohirah Lee Abdullah, Sima Taheri, Nur Ashikin Psyquay Abdullah, and Siti Aishah Hassan

. Observations in this study indicated that a miracle fruit flower took 100 d to develop from reproductive meristem to full anthesis and the flower development can be divided into six stages where both male and female reproductive organs were found developing

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Todd J. Rounsaville, Darren H. Touchell, and Thomas G. Ranney

and pastures ( Hirata et al., 2007 ). Reproductive biology of M. sinensis has been studied in both wild populations and cultivars of diploid plants. Stewart et al. (2009) documented seed set (percentage of florets setting seed) among wild

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Lu Zhang, Emilio Laca, Cara J. Allan, Narges M. Mahvelati, and Louise Ferguson

, growth can be calculated from bloom through maturation in deciduous trees ( Stajnko et al., 2013 ; Zavalloni et al., 2006 ) using specific reproductive organs as biomarkers. Female flowers usually have three functional structures: stigma, style, and

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Todd W. Wert, Jeffrey G. Williamson, Jose X. Chaparro, E. Paul Miller, and Robert E. Rouse

Climate is one of several factors that can greatly influence growth and development of reproductive organs, which in turn can have an effect on crop yield. The effects of climate on reproductive growth have been observed in many diverse crops

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Carrie A. Radcliffe, James M. Affolter, and Hazel Y. Wetzstein

et al., 1999 ; Sarasan et al., 2006 ) and is a powerful conservation tool that can facilitate the propagation of a species using limited amounts of stock material ( Merkle, 1999 ). It is especially useful when reproductive failure occurs in the wild

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Laban K. Rutto, Myong-Sook Ansari, and Michael Brandt

(1995) applied compound fertilizer (12.5N–8.5P–16K) at 75, 225, and 375 kg·ha −1 and found a positive correlation between high nutrient supply and biomass allocation to vegetative and reproductive organs. In another study, Pagliarulo et al. (2004

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Paul R. Fantz

provided herein were based upon observation and data collected from the plants being studied. Commentary on the phytography (descriptive morphology terminology) of various organs was presented under a discussion of the liriopogon genera ( Fantz, 2008a ) and