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Carolina A. Torres, Omar Hernandez, Maria A. Moya-León, Ivan Razmilic, and David R. Rudell

sunburn and “stain” incidence ( Schrader et al., 2008 ). Sun injury or sunburn of fleshy fruit is caused by absorption of excess solar energy by exposed tissue, leading to photoinhibition and oxidative stress ( Ma and Cheng, 2003 ; 2004 ; Torres et al

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Nobuyuki Fukuoka, Takamoto Suzuki, Keisuke Minamide, and Tatsuro Hamada

. 109 130 137 Asada, K. Takahashi, M. 1987 Production and scavenging of active oxygen in photosynthesis, p. 227–228. In: Kyle, D.J., C.B. Osmond, and C.J. Arntzen (eds.). Photoinhibition. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands Dela, G. Or, E. Ovadia, R

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Brian Makeredza, Helen Marais, Michael Schmeisser, Elmi Lötze, and Willem J. Steyn

chloroplasts, anthocyanins have been shown to reduce short-term photoinhibition ( Gould et al., 1995 ; Hada et al., 2003 ). Rabinowitch et al. (1983) argued that green pepper and cucumber cultivars are more predisposed to sunburn development compared with

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Juan Carlos Melgar, Arnold W. Schumann, and James P. Syvertsen

. Appl. Biol. 154 143 155 Jifon, J.L. Syvertsen, J.P. 2003 Moderate shade can increase net gas exchange and reduce photoinhibition in citrus leaves Tree Physiol. 23 119 127 Koo, C.J. 1980

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Juan Carlos Díaz-Pérez, Kelly St. John, Mohammad Yamin Kabir, J. Alberto Alvarado-Chávez, Ania M. Cutiño-Jiménez, Jesús Bautista, Gunawati Gunawan, and Savithri U. Nambeesan

leaf net photosynthesis with increasing leaf temperature was probably caused by stomatal factors due to plant water stress rather than by nonstomatal factors, such as photo-inhibition; this suggestion is supported by the similar PSII efficiency values

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Kellie J. Walters and Christopher J. Currey

of PSII, support this categorization. Low values can be used as an indicator of plant photosynthetic performance and is often the first manifestation of stress in a leaf, such as chilling-induced injury and photoinhibition ( Maxwell and Johnson, 2000

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Neil C. Bell and James Altland

photoinhibition damage ( Werner et al., 1999 ). Some Cistus , such as C. albidus , have been shown to lose not only leaves, but stem and root tissues as well ( Sanchez-Blanco et al., 2002 ). These responses may allow the plant to persist from one year to the

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James T. Brosnan, Dean A. Kopsell, Matthew T. Elmore, Gregory K. Breeden, and Gregory R. Armel

subsequently zeaxanthin, the primary carotenoid responsible for preventing photoinhibition ( Baroli et al., 2003 ). When peak visual bleaching occurred (14 DAT), violaxanthin was reduced by more than 50% in topramezone- and tembotrione-treated plants and linear

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Dario Mantovani, Adolfo Rosati, and Domenico Perrone

leads to photoinhibition; consequently, a reduction in primary production is to be expected ( Boyer, 1982 ; Larcher, 1995 ). Also, the decline of the photosynthetic rate with increasing water stress was quite moderate and became severe (83%) only at Ψ L

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Maren J. Mochizuki, Oleg Daugovish, Miguel H. Ahumada, Shawn Ashkan, and Carol J. Lovatt

Agricultural Resource Directory 2007 22 Jan. 2009 < >. Carpentier, R. 2005 Influence of high light intensity on photosynthesis: Photoinhibition and energy dissipation 327 342 Pessarakli M. Handbook of photosynthesis 2nd ed