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Thiago Vieira da Costa, João Alexio Scarpare Filho, and Matthew W. Fidelibus

trays and left in the vineyard to dry. However, technological advances and economic and social changes increasingly favor adoption of mechanized production methods such as dry-on-vine (DOV) ( Fidelibus, 2014 ). In DOV vineyards, grapevine canes bearing

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Erik M. Hardy and Dana M. Blumenthal

-intensive, cumbersome, and potentially damaging to the plants. Mechanized rotation systems have the potential to facilitate pot rotation ( Kacira and Ling, 2001 ; Lazarovitch et al., 2006 ). The objective of this article is to describe an inexpensive, easily fabricated

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Richard L. Fery, Blair Buckley, and Dyremple B. Marsh

from ‘WhipperSnapper’ plants ( Fig. 2 ). The yields produced by this single-harvest mechanized procedure were relatively consistent from year to year (average snap yield of 1111 kg·ha −1 ). Fig. 2. Field planting of ‘WhipperSnapper’ southernpeas

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Timothy M. Spann and Michelle D. Danyluk

Mechanized pepper harvesting and trash removal. Paper No. 584 Proc. Intl. Conf. on Harvest Mechanization of Fruit, Nut and Vegetable Harvesting Mechanization ASABE St. Joseph, MI Mullins, C.A. 2000 Mechanical harvest of ‘White

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Andrew Koeser, Gary Kling, Candice Miller, and Daniel Warnock

inexpensive and economically accessible to ornamental crop growers ( Evans and Hensley, 2004 ; Helgeson et al., 2009 ). For its cost, plastic is strong, lightweight, and versatile. These properties make it fully compatible with mechanized production processes

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Andrew K. Koeser, Sarah T. Lovell, Aaron C. Petri, Robin G. Brumfield, and J. Ryan Stewart

. Biocontainers vary in their material and overall strength ( Evans et al., 2010 ; Evans and Karcher, 2004 ), and they can be less resilient to the rigors of mechanization and transport ( Koeser et al., 2013a ). As such, overall production efficiency may decline

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Travis Robert Alexander, Jaqueline King, Edward Scheenstra, and Carol A. Miles

). In the United Kingdom, which is the world’s largest producer and consumer of cider, growers have minimized cost of production by exclusively harvesting cider fruit by machine ( National Association of Cider Makers, 2010 ). Mechanized harvest systems

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Amy N. Wright, James A. Robbins, and Mengmeng Gu

/grading/storage” (38%), and “innovation/mechanization” (30%) topped the response list. When asked what prevents an institution from being able to observe these topics on a field trip, the number one response (46%) was “not accessible/too far away.” One-third of

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Yai Ulrich Adegbola, Paul R. Fisher, and Alan W. Hodges

greenhouse facilities. Although there is limited labor-related information available for the greenhouse industry, ≈25.4% of all tasks in these large greenhouse operations have been estimated to be performed with some kind of mechanization or automation

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Hongmei Xia, Wenbin Zhen, Dongyang Chen, and Wen Zeng

broken bag. In addition, it is possibly dangerous to the farmers’ health because their hands need contact with the inner bag repeatedly. Therefore, there is a demand for a mechanized method of taking out and opening the ordinary multilayer fruit paper bag