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Daofeng Liu, Jing Ma, Jianfeng Yang, Tien V. Nguyen, Huamin Liu, Renwei Huang, Shunzhao Sui, and Mingyang Li

develop wintersweet hybrid varieties with improved ornamental traits such as flower size, color, or fragrance. Breeding new hybrids by conventional practices mostly is slow and uncertain. The application of molecular markers can improve efficiency of plant

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Liwang Liu, Guang Liu, Yiqin Gong, Wenhao Dai, Yan Wang, Fanmin Yu, and Yunying Ren

from both parents, identification of male and female parent-specific markers will allow differentiation of true hybrids from selfed parental lines and outcrossed lines. Molecular markers, such as RAPD, ISSR, SSR, SRAP, AFLP (amplified fragment length

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Maria G. Emmanouilidou, Marios C. Kyriacou, and Isabel Trujillo

, 1999 ). The material collected in this study was conserved in the Olive Collection of the Agricultural Research Institute of Cyprus (OCARICY). This collection was partially characterized using random amplified polymorphic DNA markers ( Banilas et al

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Anne M. Gillen and Fred A. Bliss

Tagging Genes for Nematode Resistance and Tree Growth in Peach.” Provision of the F 2 population HB × Oki by Craig Ledbetter, USDA-ARS, is gratefully acknowledged. Information regarding microsatellite pchgms1 and the L×N CAPs marker was provided by Albert

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Benard Yada, Phinehas Tukamuhabwa, Bramwell Wanjala, Dong-Jin Kim, Robert A. Skilton, Agnes Alajo, and Robert O.M. Mwanga

diversity analysis alone in the selection of parental genotypes for hybridization schemes because of phenotypic plasticity ( Price et al., 2003 ) and the environmental impact on morphological traits. Molecular markers have become an important genetic

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Guojing Li, Yonghua Liu, Jeffrey D. Ehlers, Zhujun Zhu, Xiaohua Wu, Baogeng Wang, and Zhongfu Lu

single dominant gene in all four of the possible biparental crosses. Molecular marker-assisted selection (MAS), where molecular markers linked to the target gene facilitate the indirect selection of the linked gene in breeding populations, can

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Noémi Makovics-Zsohár, Magdolna Tóth, Dezső Surányi, Szilvia Kovács, Attila Hegedűs, and Júlia Halász

. Molecular markers developed from Prunus species offer a reliable tool to study and understand genome evolution and structure, the estimation of genetic diversity, the determination of genetic relationship, and the identification of cultivars ( Gharbi et al

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Jun-Bo Yang, Hong-Tao Li, De-Zhu Li, Jie Liu, Lian-Ming Gao, De-Zhu Li, Lian-Ming Gao, and Jie Liu

investigate the genetic diversity of T. wallichiana . However, the dominant nature of these genetic markers can lead to an underestimation of the recessive allele frequency in a population causing bias in the estimate of genetic diversity and genetic

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Nader R. Abdelsalam, Rehab M. Awad, Hayssam M. Ali, Mohamed Z.M. Salem, Kamal F. Abdellatif, and Mohamed S. Elshikh

habitat as the result of by human activity. However, human intervention is needed to ensure species survival ( Volis, 2016 ). It has been proven that DNA-based markers are successful in assessing genetic diversity and in classifying plants ( Zhou et al

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Dianiris Luciano-Rosario, Luis A. Cruz-Saavedra, and Dimuth Siritunga

( Ocampo Perez et al., 2006a ). Nevertheless, at a molecular level, it has been shown that commercial papaya offers a narrow genetic basis ( Matos et al., 2013 ). In the recent past, SSR markers have become an effective method for assessment of genetic