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Xiaotao Ding, Liyao Yu, Yuping Jiang, Shaojun Yang, Lizhong He, Qiang Zhou, Jizhu Yu, and Danfeng Huang

-visible spectrophotometer (Shimadzu ultraviolet-2700; Japan) at wavelengths of 663, 654, and 470 nm. Leaf photosynthesis measurements. The net photosynthesis rate (P n ), stomatal conductance ( g S ), intercellular CO 2 concentration (C i ), and transpiration rate (T r

Open access

Jiaxin Li, Yingli Ma, and Yinfeng Xie

same position, using the average as the final result of each time measurement. The diurnal changes in P n , stomatal conductance ( g S ), intercellular CO 2 concentration ( C i ), transpiration rate ( T r ), photosynthetic photon flux density ( PPFD

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Erik J. Landry and David J. Wolyn

intercellular ice forms ( Caffrey et al., 1988 ; Thebud and Santarius, 1982 ). Raffinose can prevent sucrose from crystallizing at extreme low temperatures ( Caffrey et al., 1988 ) and has been associated with winterhardiness, even at low concentrations

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Mingyuan Xu, Yingwei Wang, Qianbo Wang, Shenglei Guo, Yang Liu, Jia Liu, Zhonghua Tang, and Zhenyue Wang

randomly selected in each treatment group, and the net photosynthetic rate (P n ), stomatal conductance ( g S ), transpiration rate (E), and intercellular CO 2 concentration (Ci) values were read directly using the photosynthesis system. LC-MS analysis of

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Ida Di Mola, Youssef Rouphael, Giuseppe Colla, Massimo Fagnano, Roberta Paradiso, and Mauro Mori

( Grattan and Grieve, 1999 ), reduces chlorophyll synthesis ( Lucini et al., 2015 ; Rouphael et al., 2017b ), and limits the photosynthetic CO 2 fixation ( Rouphael et al., 2017a ). Moreover, anatomical changes in vegetable leaves such as increase in

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Suparna K. Whale and Zora Singh

changes in endogenous ethylene concentration during fruit development and ripening; 2) to identify, monitor, and quantify the flavonoid and phenolic profile in the fruit skin, including flavanols, quercetin glycosides, chlorogenic acid, phloridzin, and

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Paul Randall, Peter Sholberg, Gary Judd, and Joan Cossentine

relatively inexpensive and naturally occurring compound that poses little or no hazard to human health when used at the very low concentrations required to kill fungal spores. For example, Sholberg and Gaunce (1995) showed that AA concentrations of 2 to 4

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Oscar Monje, Sylvia Anderson, and Gary W. Stutte

either ( A ) leaf photosynthesis; A vs. intercellular CO 2 concentration (C i ) or ( B ) leaf g S vs. C i until the treatment with +11 °C (35 °C T ROOT ) above air temperature. Observations represent means ± standard error. Plant dry

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Şemsettin Kulaç, Pascal Nzokou, Deniz Guney, Bert Michael Cregg, and Ibrahim Turna

, and finally the death of the plant ( Deltoro et al., 1998 ; Jaleel et al., 2008 ). After stomatal closure, there is a decrease in CO 2 intake and intercellular CO 2 partial pressure, thereby a reduction in CO 2 assimilation and net photosynthesis

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Chang-Tsern Chen, Ching-Lung Lee, and Der-Ming Yeh

Ci (380–390 μmol·mol −1 CO 2 ). Table 4. Effects of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), or magnesium (Mg) deficiencies on net photosynthetic rate ( Pn ), stomatal conductance ( g S ), and intercellular carbon dioxide