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Marjorie Reyes-Díaz, Claudio Inostroza-Blancheteau, Rayen Millaleo, Edgardo Cruces, Cristián Wulff-Zottele, Miren Alberdi, and María de la Luz Mora

chlorophyll content, disruption of photochemical capacity in photosystem II (PSII), and subsequent inhibition of the linear electron transport rate of photosynthesis in response to Al 3+ have been found in some plant species ( Chen et al., 2005 ; Peixoto et

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Wagner A. Vendrame, Aaron J. Palmateer, Ania Pinares, Kimberly A. Moore, and Lawrence E. Datnoff

, 2007 ). A previous study used light and electron microscopy to detect Si accumulation in phalaenopsis orchids ( Zhou, 1995 ). Results indicated that the growth of the silica bodies increased by increasing the concentration of calcium silicate (CaSiO 3

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Linda L. Taylor, Alexander X. Niemiera, Robert D. Wright, Gregory K. Evanylo, and Wade E. Thomason

converse will occur above pH 9.25. Ammonia (the actual substrate for the oxidizing enzyme) passively diffuses into bacterial cells, but NH 4 + transport into cells is energy-dependent and, once inside, must be deprotonated for use as substrate ( Prosser

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Katsumi Ohyama, Junichi Yamaguchi, and Ayumi Enjoji

(2015) reported a case study on a simple cost analysis of a commercial PPSL (maximum production rate: ≈7000 plants/d). The report showed that labor was a major expense, accounting for 27% of the total expenses. To increase the revenue, the labor cost

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Qing Xu, Shi-Rong Guo, He Li, Nan-Shan Du, Sheng Shu, and Jin Sun

grafted plant; PAL = phenylalanine ammonialyase; PPO = polyphenol oxidase. Chl fluorescence parameters and Chl content. Our results ( Table 3 ) showed that none of the Chl fluorescence parameter (F 0 , F v /F m , Φ PSII , F v ′/F m ′, electron transport

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Noriko Ohtake, Masaharu Ishikura, Hiroshi Suzuki, Wataru Yamori, and Eiji Goto

to fluctuating environments and photoprotective strategies under abiotic stress J. Plant Res. 129 379 395 Yamori, W. Shikanai, T. 2016 Physiological functions of cyclic electron transport around photosystem I in sustaining photosynthesis and plant

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Jieshan Cheng, Peige Fan, Zhenchang Liang, Yanqiu Wang, Ning Niu, Weidong Li, and Shaohua Li

), indicating damage to the PSII reaction center complex. F v /F m represents electron transport efficiency and photochemical efficiency in the PSII reaction center. Layne and Flore (1995) reported that continuous lighting significantly reduced F v and F v

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Edward J. Nangle, David S. Gardner, James D. Metzger, Dominic P. Petrella, Tom K. Danneberger, Luis Rodriguez-Saona, and John L. Cisar

.K. McMahon, M.J. 2000 Spectral irradiance available for turfgrass growth in sun and shade Crop Sci. 40 189 195 Brandle, J.R. Campbell, W.F. Sisson, W.B. Caldwell, M.M. 1977 Net photosynthesis, electron transport capacity, and ultrastructure of Pisum sativum

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Yongqiang Qian, Deying Li, Lei Han, and Zhenyuan Sun

availability ( Marshall, 1990 ), and such a gradient may be the driving force for the nutrient redistribution ( Marshall and Price, 1999 ). Water was transported from parent ramets to offspring ramets along the water potential gradient in Fragaria chiloensis

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Renée L. Eriksen, Laban K. Rutto, James E. Dombrowski, and John A. Henning

photosystems themselves, particularly photosystem II (PSII); the ATP-generating electron transport chain; and the carbon assimilation process. Heat affects the photosystems by causing the dissociation of manganese (Mn) molecules from the oxygen-evolving complex