( Beattie and Berghage, 2004 ) with an organic matter that varies according to the green roof type ( FLL, 2008 ). In most cases, the organic matter of green roof substrates is composed of peat but composts offer an appropriate alternative in an effort to
George Kotsiris, Panayiotis A. Nektarios, and Angeliki T. Paraskevopoulou
Bernadine C. Strik, Amanda Vance, David R. Bryla, and Dan M. Sullivan
immobilize a considerable amount of the N applied from fertilizers ( White, 2006 ). Some growers are using compost in addition to sawdust to provide additional nutrients and organic matter ( Gale et al., 2006 ; Larco et al., 2014 ). Municipal yard debris
Robert F. Bevacqua and Valerie J. Mellano
Compost made from sewage sludge (40% by volume) and chipped trimmings of Eucalyptus trees (60%) was evaluated as a soil amendment for the field. production of onion (Allium cepa cv. Spanish Sweet Utah), lettuce (Lactuca sativa cv. Black Seeded Simpson), snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus cv. Sonnet Yellow), and turfgrass (Festuca arundinacea cv. Marathon). Turf shows a strong reponse to preplant compost applications and is relatively tolerant of the buildup of soluble salts that can occur with compost applications. Also since it is not a food crop the possible uptake of heavy metals is not a major concern. These results indicate the amending of soil for the planting of turf is a likely commercial use of the compost. The authors are presently evaluating the use of the compost as a top dressing on turf plantings.
Monica Ozores-Hampton, Thomas A. Obreza, and George Hochmuth
Large volumes of compost produced from waste materials like yard trimmings, household trash (municipal solid waste), or biosolids (wastewater sludge) will likely become available for use by the Florida vegetable industry in the future. Using compost to produce vegetables has the potential to increase water and fertilizer conservation and reduce leaching from inorganic fertilizers in Florida's sandy soils. Compost quality for vegetable production systems should be based on soluble salts, phytotoxic compounds, C:N ratio, plant nutrients, trace metals, weed seeds, odor, moisture, pH, water-holding capacity, bulk density, cation exchange capacity, and particle size. In Florida, immature compost contained phytotoxic compounds that were harmful to crop germination and growth. Amending soil with mature composted waste materials has been reported to increase the growth and yields of vegetable crops grown in Florida. However, a beneficial response does not always occur, and the magnitude of the response is often not predictable.
Theodore J.K. Radovich, Archana Pant, Ian Gurr, Ngyuen V. Hue, Jari Sugano, Brent Sipes, Norman Arancon, Clyde Tamaru, Bradley K. Fox, Kent D. Kobayashi, and Robert Paull
imported fertilizers increased from $300 to $1000 per ton between 2006 and 2008, which increased the demand for local organic fertilizers to keep local producers competitive. Compost, meat meal, and seaweeds are good sources of nutrients, although
Michele Krucker, Rita L. Hummel, and Craig Cogger
reduces solid waste production and the subsequent need for disposal. Alternative components include various composted materials ( Carlile, 2008 ; Corti et al., 1998 ) using feedstocks such as yard debris and pruning waste, animal manures, biosolids
Xiaoyan Dai, Donald M. Vietor, Frank M. Hons, Tony L. Provin, Richard H. White, Thomas W. Boutton, and Clyde L. Munster
Top-dressings of composted municipal biosolids (CMB) increase nutrient concentrations in soil and clippings and enhance turfgrass color, quality, and growth ( Garling and Boehm, 2001 ; Hansen et al., 2007 ; Johnson et al., 2005 ). In addition
WJ. McLaurin and G.L. Wade
In response to national Cooperative. Extension Service initiative and Georgia's Solid Waste Management Acts, eight state agencies and University of Georgia personnel joined forces to demonstrate simple and effective home composting concepts in a workshop format. Attended by over 550 participants, a series of ten workshops were held in selected locations throughout the state. These workshops were designed to instruct local volunteers to teach appropriate waste management practices concerning home composting and how home composting can help meet the state mandated 25% landfill reduction goal, what costs are involved, how to establish a community education program, and where to obtain technical assistance.
During the daylong workshop, participants heard presentations on five important aspects of the role of composting in community waste management--the legislative/environmental mandate., the composting process, equipment/site requirements, curbside waste reduction, and start-up for local programs in home composting.
As the first state-wide home composting educational project, it serves as a model for other state-wide initiatives targeting waste management concerns, and creates appropriate impetus for community waste management action throughout the state.
Kimberly K. Moore
Florida Agricultural Experiment Station journal series no. R-10140. I wish to thank Luci Fisher for her technical assistance; the Solid Waste Authority of Palm Beach County, Fla., for the compost product; and Lovell Farms, Miami, Fla., for the plant
Maria Papafotiou, Barbara Avajianneli, Costas Michos, and Iordanis Chatzipavlidis
resource that should be preserved. A parallel environmental issue is the disposal of agricultural wastes. Composts from agricultural wastes have the potential to replace a significant proportion of peat in the growth medium of potted ornamentals ( Burger et