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Napaporn Sae-Lee, Orapin Kerdchoechuen, Natta Laohakunjit, Benjawan Thumthanaruk, Dipayan Sarkar, and Kalidas Shetty

protein (PR protein) ( Belhadj et al., 2008 ), as well as the PAL (the key enzymes in the phenylpropanoid pathway via stilbene and chalcone synthase) to produce phenolic compounds ( Bauer et al., 2011 ). The PR protein then could stimulate endogenous

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Haijie Dou, Genhua Niu, Mengmeng Gu, and Joseph Masabni

), chalcone synthase (CHS), and dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR), increased under B wavelengths. In contrast, increases in BP decreased the total amount of phytochemicals per plant, which was consistent with the trend of shoot FW ( Fig. 5 ; Table 2

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Mustafa Ozgen, Faith J. Wyzgoski, Artemio Z. Tulio Jr, Aparna Gazula, A. Raymond Miller, Joseph C. Scheerens, R. Neil Reese, and Shawn R. Wright

. Cancer 54 148 156 Li, Y. Yan, H. Zhou, B. Kawabata, S. Sakiyama, R. 2003 Role of chalcone synthase and dihydrofalvonol reductase in light dependent accumulation of anthocyanins in ‘Toyonoka

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Yi Gong, Ronald B. Pegg, Adrian L. Kerrihard, Brad E. Lewis, and Richard J. Heerema

potentials of antioxidants in crops. To this point, solar radiation, specifically ultraviolet B (i.e., λ = 280 to 315 nm), has been shown to upregulate phenylalanine ammonia lyase and chalcone synthase, which are key factors in the initiation of phenolics

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Qingwu Meng, Jennifer Boldt, and Erik S. Runkle

chalcone synthase ( Bouly et al., 2007 ; Christie and Briggs, 2001 ; Jenkins et al., 1995 ). Cryptochrome 1 is also responsible for B radiation-induced anthocyanin accumulation in rapeseed ( Brassica napus ) ( Chatterjee et al., 2006 ). Cryptochrome 2 can