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Mustafa Ozgen, Faith J. Wyzgoski, Artemio Z. Tulio Jr, Aparna Gazula, A. Raymond Miller, Joseph C. Scheerens, R. Neil Reese, and Shawn R. Wright

. Cancer 54 148 156 Li, Y. Yan, H. Zhou, B. Kawabata, S. Sakiyama, R. 2003 Role of chalcone synthase and dihydrofalvonol reductase in light dependent accumulation of anthocyanins in ‘Toyonoka

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Haijie Dou, Genhua Niu, and Mengmeng Gu

). The expression of key enzymes in the synthesis of phytochemicals, such as phenylalanine ammonia-lyase, chalcone synthase, dihydroflavonol 4-reductase, and polyphenol oxidase are reported to be regulated by blue and red lights ( Li, 2010 ; Meng et al

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Haijie Dou, Genhua Niu, Mengmeng Gu, and Joseph Masabni

), chalcone synthase (CHS), and dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR), increased under B wavelengths. In contrast, increases in BP decreased the total amount of phytochemicals per plant, which was consistent with the trend of shoot FW ( Fig. 5 ; Table 2

Open access

Yi Gong, Ronald B. Pegg, Adrian L. Kerrihard, Brad E. Lewis, and Richard J. Heerema

potentials of antioxidants in crops. To this point, solar radiation, specifically ultraviolet B (i.e., λ = 280 to 315 nm), has been shown to upregulate phenylalanine ammonia lyase and chalcone synthase, which are key factors in the initiation of phenolics

Open access

Qingwu Meng, Jennifer Boldt, and Erik S. Runkle

chalcone synthase ( Bouly et al., 2007 ; Christie and Briggs, 2001 ; Jenkins et al., 1995 ). Cryptochrome 1 is also responsible for B radiation-induced anthocyanin accumulation in rapeseed ( Brassica napus ) ( Chatterjee et al., 2006 ). Cryptochrome 2 can