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J. Harrison Ferebee IV, Charles W. Cahoon, Michael L. Flessner, David B. Langston, Ramon Arancibia, Thomas E. Hines, Hunter B. Blake, and M. Carter Askew

potato vines; however, paraquat facilitates potato deterioration during storage and, therefore, is rarely used ( University of Maine, 2011 ). Alternatives to diquat for vine desiccation include glufosinate, carfentrazone, and pyraflufen-ethyl ( Kuhar et

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Richard Manshardt

production model came several significant production problems. The occurrence of both pistillate and hermaphrodite sexes among seedling progenies of gynodioecious lines and the inability to distinguish these using purely vegetative characters led growers to

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Marco A. Velástegui Andrade and Roger A. Hinson

choice, the multinomial logit model, in which the decision-maker (grower) chooses between mutually exclusive and unranked alternatives (the four marketing channels), is appropriate ( Pindyck and Rubinfield, 1998 ). This model was estimated using the

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Yan Yao, Yao Kong, Ping Zhang, Hua Zhang, Hong-di Huang, and Guang-guang Li

haploid lines and recombinant inbred lines (RIL) are the most commonly used “pure lines.” The DH approach is the fastest route to obtain homozygous lines so far ( Chase, 1952 ; Ferrie and Mollers, 2010 ). However, B . rapa is deemed a recalcitrant

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Genhua Niu, Minzi Wang, Denise Rodriguez, and Donglin Zhang

-quality water supply becomes limited in many areas of the world, alternative waters such as municipal reclaimed water, which is treated for other beneficial uses, is being used for irrigating landscapes, mostly golf courses, in the United States and other

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Mary C. Stevens, Rui Yang, and Joshua H. Freeman

Due to the ban on methyl bromide (MBr), the efficacy of old and new soil fumigants have been examined and developed further. A novel soil fumigant not currently labeled in the United States, ethanedinitrile (EDN), was initially examined for use as a

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Samson Zeray Tesfay, Sakhile Mathe, Albert T. Modi, and Tafadzwanashe Mabhaudhi

free if harvested from the wild, and have low production costs could provide an affordable healthy alternative for rural households. Moyo et al. (2013) reported that in contrast to exotic vegetable, little attention had been paid to the production of

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Carol A. Miles, Travis R. Alexander, Gregory Peck, Suzette P. Galinato, Christopher Gottschalk, and Steve van Nocker

, requiring growers to adapt or remodel their current management practices. For cider producers, a paramount factor in the decision to use specialty cider apples is the expense of sourcing fruit and juice from such cultivars. These specialty cultivars produce

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Saad B. Javed, Abdulrahman A. Alatar, Mohammad Anis, and Mohamed A. El-Sheikh

species. For several plant species, TDZ has been used as an efficient alternative for the combination of cytokinins and auxins. Another advantage is that, compared with other plant growth regulators (i.e., BA and NAA), less TDZ is required to get results

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Cheryl R. Boyer, Glenn B. Fain, Charles H. Gilliam, Thomas V. Gallagher, H. Allen Torbert, and Jeff L. Sibley

In the southeastern United States, many greenhouse growers have moved toward producing 1-gal or larger containers for the landscape market due to an interest in large finished containers for consumer “instant landscapes.” The substrates used in