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Pious Thomas

. 202041037562: “Tissue culture-based method of propagation of Carica papaya plant”). The hardened plants are maintained in insect-proof polyhouse with frequent inspection to guard against viral infections and any somaclonal variations/mutations. For field

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Kazuhiko Mitsukuri, Takaya Arita, Masahumi Johkan, Satoshi Yamasaki, Kei-ichiro Mishiba, and Masayuki Oda

), Dendrobium ( Zhao et al., 2007 ), and Phalaenopsis ( Sinha et al., 2007 ). Callus, which sometimes results in an increased incidence of somaclonal variation ( Evans and Sharp, 1983 ), was not induced in as part of this regeneration procedure of our

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Elisabeth M. Meyer, Darren H. Touchell, and Thomas G. Ranney

associated with inducing somaclonal variation ( Siragusa et al., 2007 ) and hyperhydricity ( Bairu et al., 2007 ; Rossetto et al., 1992 ) in some crops, which may negatively influence the quality of regenerated shoots. In comparison, meta -topolin (mT) is a

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Samir C. Debnath

Debnath and McRae (2001a) for shoots grown on medium with high cytokinin concentrations. Because the formation of adventitious shoots was more likely to produce somaclonal variation ( Larkin and Scowcroft, 1981 ), zeatin concentrations of more than 4 μM

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Juran C. Goyali, Abir U. Igamberdiev, and Samir C. Debnath

objective of micropropagation is the production of trueness-to-type clonal propagules, plants derived from in vitro techniques may exhibit TC stress-induced genetic and/or epigenetic changes responsible for somaclonal variations that are often heritable and

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Ying-Chun Chen, Chen Chang, and Huey-Ling Lin

produce one node that could be brought back into culture to repeat the process again. During 4–5 years of in vitro culture, no somaclonal variation was observed. Table 2. Effects of BA, NAA, and topolins on the culture of nodal segments in ‘Tainung No. 1

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Todd A. Burnes, Robert A. Blanchette, Jason A. Smith, and James J. Luby

susceptibility. This somaclonal variation is observed frequently with other tissue culture-grown plants. Another possibility that explains the molecular similarity is that ‘Consort-MN’ is a susceptible offspring of ‘Consort’, perhaps from a seedling that became

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Beatrice Nesi, Debora Trinchello, Sara Lazzereschi, Antonio Grassotti, and Barbara Ruffoni

- and filament-derived calluses and effect of callus culture duration on virus-free bulblets production in Lilium × ‘Enchantment’ Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult. 87 211 217 Jain, S.M. De Klerk, G.J. 1998 Somaclonal variation in breeding and propagation of

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Anakkaorn Wannajindaporn, Chitpan Kativat, and Piyada Alisha Tantasawat

genetically differentiated by ISSR 817; however, it was morphologically identical to other controls ( Fig. 2 ). This single band change may be a result of genetic variation arising from somaclonal variation during in vitro culture. Types of tissues and

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Brian M. Irish, Ricardo Goenaga, Sirena Montalvo-Katz, Bernardo Chaves-Cordoba, and Inge Van den Bergh

variants (i.e., off-types) of the original selections, with consequent poor performance. Somaclonal variation, especially in tissue culture-propagated/derived banana plants, has been frequently reported ( Oh et al., 2007 ). Although several of the test