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Yuhung Lin and Yaling Qian

species, based on criteria of turf quality, shoot and root dry weight, and root to shoot ratio. The more salt resistant species had less shoot Na + and Cl − accumulation and a greater shoot K + /Na + ratio than the salt-sensitive grasses. Very limited

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Yan Xu and Bingru Huang

period and recovery. Additionally, Goss et al. (2002) found the increase in the number of tillers by TE significantly lowered the root–to-shoot ratio, because additional tillers had the same total root mass per unit area. In summary, TE treatment

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Betsey Miller, Denny J. Bruck, and Vaughn Walton

deeper rooting system and a higher root-to-shoot ratio compared with other cultivars, making it less susceptible to drought stress. Conversely, in ‘McFarlin’, plants subjected to higher egg density treatments displayed lower total shoot length, and this

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Liyuan Huang, Jun Yuan, Hui Wang, Xiaofeng Tan, and Genhua Niu

.0 m m Al treatments with shorter and fewer lateral roots ( Fig. 2D ). There were no significant differences among CK, A, and B ( Fig. 2 ). Fig. 1. Seedling height ( A ), stem diameter ( B ), dry weight ( C ), and root to shoot ratio ( D ) of oil tea

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John Watson, François Hébert, Eric M. Lyons, Theo Blom, and Katerina S. Jordan

weighed. Root-to-shoot ratio was calculated by dividing root dry weight by cumulative shoot dry weight for each sample at the end of the study. Data analysis. The statistical analysis followed that described in Study 1. Because there were no statistically

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Bernadine C. Strik, Amanda J. Davis, David R. Bryla, and Scott T. Orr

crown and had a higher root-to-shoot ratio with sawdust mulch than with black weed mat ( Larco et al., 2013 ). Sawdust mulch insulates the soil from temperature fluctuations and adds organic matter as it decomposes ( Strik et al., 2017a , 2019 ; White

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Bryant C. Scharenbroch

60 °C for 5 d and then weighed to express shoot, root, total biomass, and the root to shoot ratio (R/S ratio). At the conclusion of the experiment, soils were sampled from each microcosm. Soil penetration resistance was measured on the soil surface

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Kui Lin, Zhi Huang, and Yong Xu

resulted in increasing plant biomass. Moreover, higher irradiance is considered to be beneficial for vigorous root development, as a consequence of a more balanced root-to-shoot ratio and plants obtaining sufficient supplies of water or mineral nutrients

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Zhipei Feng, Xitian Yang, Hongyan Liang, Yuhua Kong, Dafeng Hui, Jiabao Zhao, Erhui Guo, and Beibei Fan

Sambeek et al., 2016 ) seedlings. Both Yang et al. (2011) and Feng et al. (2017) reported that AP had no effect on the root-to-shoot ratio of P. orientalis compared with the NP treatment but did increase the aboveground and total biomass ( Feng et al

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Tonghua Pan, Juanjuan Ding, Gege Qin, Yunlong Wang, Linjie Xi, Junwei Yang, Jianming Li, Jing Zhang, and Zhirong Zou

) , but they also shifted dry weight to the roots, resulting in a higher root-to-shoot ratio compared with CaLn. This result is consistent with the effects of CO 2 enrichment in grape ( Wu and Lin, 2013 ) and in Rhodes grass ( Ksiksi and Youssef, 2010