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Mary Woodhead, Ailsa Weir, Kay Smith, Susan McCallum, Katrin MacKenzie, and Julie Graham

, as they are associated with functional genes. The aim of this study was to add new gene-based markers to the red raspberry genetic linkage map and determine if they associate with known QTL. ESTs and genes involved in metabolic pathways influencing

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Jitao Li, Nian Wang, Lina Wang, Haiping Xin, and Shaohua Li

reduction in crop productivity on as much as half of the irrigated land in the world. Signal transduction pathways triggered by various stresses, including drought and high salt content, share a number of signaling components that transduce the signal into

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David A. Munter, James J. Luby, and Neil O. Anderson

species are theorized to develop via several pathways ( Ainsworth, 2000 ; Darwin, 1877 ; Pannell, 2002 ; Ross, 1982 ; Webb, 1979 ). The particular pathway taken by a species can be partially inferred by examining its flower sexual types

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Cheng Bai, Charles C. Reilly, and Bruce W. Wood

lower in xylem sap from Ni-D than from Ni-S trees ( Table 1 ). Substances of the ureide catabolic pathway were also affected in that Ni deficiency substantially reduced the concentration of xanthine but increased allantoic acid in spring sap of Ni

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Bing Li, Jingjing Zhang, Xiurui Gao, Xiuqing Pan, Rong Zhou, and Yanrong Wu

influencing anther wall lignin synthesis and the flavonoid metabolism pathway ( Sun et al., 2021 ). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and phytohormones are two important signaling systems involved in plant responses to abiotic stress, and drive changes that

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Yan Hong and SiLan Dai

( Dong et al., 1998 ), the partial light-dependent type ( Zhou, 2004 ), and the light-independent type ( Xu and Li, 2006 ). Accordingly, two hypotheses pertaining to the light-dependent and light-independent anthocyanin biosynthetic pathways have been

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Vanessa E.T.M. Ashworth, Haofeng Chen, Carlos L. Calderón-Vázquez, Mary Lu Arpaia, David N. Kuhn, Mary L. Durbin, Livia Tommasini, Elizabeth Deyett, Zhenyu Jia, Michael T. Clegg, and Philippe E. Rolshausen

density. The second set of SNP markers was developed in a gene discovery effort targeting candidate genes from several biosynthetic pathways involved in fruit nutrient composition. These candidate-gene SNPs (CG-SNPs) have not previously been published and

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Sameh Sassi-Aydi, Samir Aydi, and Chedly Abdelly

( Gonzalez-Dugo et al., 2010 ; Lodeiro et al., 2000 ). Both N assimilation routes have diverse influences on drought tolerance because of the differences in the use of energy and the reduce of power characteristics of those pathways ( Schubert, 1995

Open access

Jiaqi Lin, Weiyan Xuan, Yanpei Li, Shixiang Xiao, and Dou Feng

; Yamaguchi, 2008 ; Zentella et al., 2007 ). In higher plants, the biosynthesis pathway of GA is regulated by multiple enzymes ( Dayan et al., 2012 ). These enzymes include copalyl diphosphate synthase (CPS), ent -kaurene synthase (KS), ent -kaurene oxidase

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Esmaeil Fallahi and Thomas Eichert

) ( Eichert and Fernandez, 2012 ; Fernandez and Eichert, 2009 ). The pathways by which foliar-applied solutes penetrate leaf surface have been a matter of debate for a long time. One of the first concepts discussed in literature were “ectodesmata” ( Eichert