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Giacomo Cocetta, Roberto Beghi, Ilaria Mignani, and Anna Spinardi

differently, the components of apple quality are usually measured in terms of fruit appearance, taste, and internal conditions. Harvest date is an essential factor affecting apple quality after storage. Even the best postharvest techniques can only maintain

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Sujatha Sankula, Mark J. VanGessel, Walter E. Kee, and J.L. Glancey

Funding for this project was obtained through a grant from Northeast Integrated Pest Management Program. Appreciation is extended to Quintin Johnson for help in establishing and harvesting the plots and Tracy Wootten for her input and help

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Borut Gosar and Dea Baričevič

international markets. Ridge and furrow rainwater-harvesting (RFRH) systems with mulches were first researched in the flat, lowland, semiarid conditions of northwest China ( Li et al., 2000 , 2001 ) to improve water availability and to increase crop production

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Arnon Dag, Smadar Boim, Yulya Sobotin, and Isaac Zipori

olive orchards supplying fruit to the oil extraction industry receive some level of irrigation ( Lavee, 2011 ). It has been claimed that the greatest deterioration of olive oil quality is due to poor handling of the olives between harvest and processing

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Yanrong Lv, Ibrahim I. Tahir, and Marie E. Olsson

). However, changes in the triterpene concentration of apples during the ripening on the tree and after different storage methods have not yet been thoroughly investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of harvest time, rootstock, and

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Valtcho D. Zheljazkov, Vasile Cerven, Charles L. Cantrell, Wayne M. Ebelhar, and Thomas Horgan

harvested area of ≈32,076 ha ( USDA, NASS, Crop Report, 2007 ). The U.S. peppermint oil is considered of high quality and U.S. essential oil broker companies have dominated the peppermint essential oil market. The essential oil content and composition of

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Mikal E. Saltveit

Harvested asparagus spears have high rates of respiration (i.e., CO 2 production) and should be quickly cooled to 0 to 2 °C after harvest to maximize quality retention and shelf life ( Lill et al., 1990 ; Lipton, 1990 ; Luo et al., 2016

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Paolo Sabbatini and G. Stanley Howell

limited by several factors, namely spring freeze (50% chance of spring frost as late as 15 May), early fall frost, high humidity, and rainfall during the harvest season ( Howell and Sabbatini, 2008 ). Own-rooted ‘Vignoles’ vines were grown at the HTRC on a

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Yaying Wu, Brian A. Kahn, and John B. Solie

We are developing a mechanical harvest system for okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench]. Our objective was to identify a high-density (HD) plant arrangement and a harvest timing that would maximize marketable fruit yield per hectare with a destructive harvest. We compared destructively harvested plants grown at spacings of (in cm) 15 × 15, 23 × 23, and 30 × 30 with hand-harvested plants grown at 90 × 23 cm. Within HD treatments, marketable fruit weight increased inconsistently as plant density increased. The 30 × 30-cm spacing was not dense enough. Branching decreased and the position of the first marketable fruit attachment moved up as plant density increased. Delaying destructive harvest until many over-mature fruit were present often did not increase marketable fruit yield and always reduced the proportion of total harvested fruit weight due to marketable fruit. Overall, percentages of marketable yield obtained by destructive harvests of HD plants were low compared to the cumulative marketable yield from control plants. However, the labor-saving potential was high. A prototype machine for harvest of HD okra has been developed, and further testing is planned.

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David R. Rudell, Sara Serra, Nathanael Sullivan, James P. Mattheis, and Stefano Musacchi

-exposed side of fruit can be firmer at harvest than the shaded side ( Raffo et al., 2011 ). High temperature and solar radiation together can also alter fruit quality in terms of external sunburn incidence and increased soluble solid content as reported in