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James R. Schupp, H. Edwin Winzeler, and Melanie A. Schupp

branching to a few latent axillary buds near the origin of the limb. Short stub cuts are recommended for spindle-type apple tree training to stimulate the regrowth of new lateral branches, to restrict the canopy volume and branching density, and to maintain

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Michael V. Mickelbart

Plant characteristics. Tree height was measured from soil level to the highest growing point. Branch length of each branch used for leaf collection was also measured from its origin at the trunk to the farthest growing point. Canopy volume was

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Kim D. Bowman and Greg McCollum

’ and ‘US-1284’ making the largest trees, ‘Flying Dragon’ making the smallest trees, and all the other rootstocks somewhat intermediate in canopy height and diameter. Between 2006 and 2014, average canopy volume decreased for trees on all rootstocks

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Bernadine C. Strik, Amanda J. Davis, David R. Bryla, and Scott T. Orr

season, plant width tended to be lower in plants with weed mat alone, whereas those with black or green weed mat produced the narrowest canopies parallel and perpendicular to the row, respectively ( Table 2 ). Consequently, canopy volume was smaller that

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Tamara Wynne and Dale Devitt

measured at 10.52 ± 5.05 cm for C. linearis . The trees had basal canopy areas between 5.7 and 29.6 m 2 ( L. indica and P. florida , respectively). The canopy volume also varied greatly based on species with a maximum of 93.10 m 3 for P. florida and

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Kim D. Bowman, Lynn Faulkner, and Mike Kesinger

measured. Tree trunk and canopy size information was collected in 2008 and 2010. Canopy volume was calculated by the formula, volume = (width 2 × height)/4 as described by Wutscher and Hill (1995) . Collier county field trial. A second trial comparing

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Sameer Pokhrel, Bo Meyering, Kim D. Bowman, and Ute Albrecht

. Canopy volume was calculated using the formula described in Wutscher and Hill (1995) , given as follows: canopy volume = (diameter 2 × height)/4. Scion and rootstock trunk diameters were measured at 5 cm above and below the graft union using a digital

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Dario Stefanelli, Roberto J. Zoppolo, Ronald L. Perry, and Franco Weibel

insertion angle at the time of selection. Canopy volume was calculated measuring the total height as well as two orthogonal diameters of the canopy at 0.7 m from the soil surface. Production variables. Yield (kg/tree) and fruit number as well as cumulative

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Thomas A. Obreza and Arnold Schumann

are processed by a computer program to create a canopy volume map. Because citrus yield is directly related to canopy volume, this map helps growers make decisions about long-term management. For example, a grove with a wide range of canopy volumes can

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A. Morales-Sillero, R. Jiménez, J.E. Fernández, A. Troncoso, and L. Rejano

processing were analyzed in 2003. No significant differences in trunk perimeter and canopy volume were found between the fertigation treatments. Trunk perimeter mean values, measured at 0.2 m aboveground, were 0.62 m (±0.04) in 2002 and 0.67 m (±0.05) in